Aaiwasi Thakar

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Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãß ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ½ããØãÞããè ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã



¹ããÍÌãüãî½ããè Ìã Ôã½ãÔ¾ãñÞãñ ½ãîß :

ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ããâÞãñ ÌããÀñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããé¹ã¾ãĦ㠂ã•ãî¶ãÖãè ¹ããñÖãñÞãÊãñÊãñ ¶ããÖãè. ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ÔãâÜ㛶ãã ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãó ‚ãããäªÌããÔããé¶ãã ¶¾ãã¾ã ãä½ãßÌãî¶ã ªñ¥¾ããÔããŸãè ‚ãÖãñÀã¨ã ¢ã›¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããéÞãñ ŒãÀñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ •ãñ ãä½ã¨ã ÌÖãÌãñ¦ã ‚ãÔãñ ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã, ¹ããñÊããèÔã, ½ãÖÔãîÊã ãäÌã¼ããØã ‚ãããä¥ã Ìã¶ããäÌã¼ããØã ÖñÞã ¦¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããéÞãñ ãäªÌãÔãòãäªÌãÔ㠇㊛á›À Íã¨ãî Öãñ¦ã •ãã¦ããâ¶ãã ãäªÔã¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã.
½ãÀãŸÌãã¡¿ããÞã㠇㊸㡠Öã ªìØãýã, ¡ãòØãÀã¦ã ¹ãÔãÀÊãñÊãã ¦ããÊãì‡ãŠã. ¾ãã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ã ƒâØãÆ•ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ãÖãè ãä¼ãÊÊã ÌãÔã¦ããèØãðÖ Öãñ¦ãñ.¾ãã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ÔãâÛã¹ãÌãæããÞ¾ãã ãäÌã⣾ãã³ãèÛãã ÀãâØãã ¹ãÔãÀÊãñʾãã ‚ããÖñ¦ã.¾ãã ¡ãòØãÀã¦ã ãä¼ãÊÊã, Ÿã‡ãŠÀ, ºãâ•ããÀã, Ûãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè •ã½ãã¦ããè ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ã¹ãîÌãà ‡ãŠãÊããÞ¾ãã ãä‡ãŠ¦¾ãñ‡ãŠ ÌãÓããà ¹ãîÌããê ¹ããÔãî¶ã ÀãÖã¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. „¹ã•ããèãäÌã‡ãñŠÔããŸãè ¦ãñ©ãÊããè ¶ããÌããÌãÀ Öãñ… Íã‡ãŠÊãñÊããè ãä‡ãâŠÌãã ¶ããÌããÌãÀ ¶ã ¢ããÊãñÊããè ‚ããä¦ã‰ãŠ½ããè¦ã ½Ö›Ê¾ãã ØãñÊãñÊããè ‚ãÍããè Ìã¶ã •ã½ããè¶ã ‡ãŠÔã¦ãã¦ã, ãäÍã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã¦ã, ‚ãã•ãîºãã•ãîÞ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠÅ¾ããâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ½ã•ãîÀãè ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã¦ã. ½ãìºãƒÃÔããŸãè ¹ãã¥ããè ¹ãìÀÌãŸá¾ããÞÁã ÒãäÓ›¶ãñ ¼ãâ¡ãÀªÀã £ãÀ¥ããÞ¾ãã „¼ããÀ¥ããèÞ¾ãã Ìãñßãè ºãì¡ãè¦ã àãñ¨ããã¦ããèÊã Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¦ãñ©ãî¶ã ÖîÔã‡ãŠãÌãî¶ã ÊããÌãʾãã¶ãñ ¾ãã ãä¹ãÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ¡ãòØãÀã¦ã ¡ãòØãÀã ¡ãòØãÀã¶ãñ ¼ã›‡ãŠ¦ã ¾ãñÌãî¶ã ãäÔ©ÀãÌãÊãñÊãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ‡ãŠãÖãè ƒâØãÆ•ããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã, ãä¶ã¢ãã½ããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ‚㦾ããÞããÀãè¦ã Öãñ„¶ã ¡ãòØãÀ ‡ãŠ¹ããÀãèÊãã ‚ããÑã¾ããÊãã ‚ããÊãñ¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã ãäÔ©ãÀ ¢ããÊãñ¦ã. ãä¼ãÊÊããâÞãã 1857 Þ¾ãã ºãâ¡ãâ¦ããèÊã , ÌãñßãñÌãñßãéÞ¾ãã ºãâ¡ã¦ããèÊã, ÖÊÊã¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããä¥ã †‡ãã ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ã Ê㤾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ããä¼ã¼ããØã ‡ãŠãÖãè ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ƒãä¦ãÖãÔãã¶ãñ ¹ãƇãŠããäÍã¦ã ‡ãñŠÊãã ‚ããÖñ. ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããéñÞãñ ¹ãì¤ñ ‡ãŠã¾ã ¢ããÊãñ Öã ¹ãÆͶ㠇ã슟ñÖãè ÞããäÞãÃÊãã ØãñÊãñÊãã ¶ããÖãè.
¾ãã ¡ãòØãÀã¦ã Øãñʾãã ã䪡Íãñ ¦ãñ ªãñ¶ãÍãñ ÌãÓããùãîÌããê ‚ããÊãñÊãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Öã ‚ã²ãã¹ãÖãè ¾ãñ©ãÊãã ¶ããØãÀãè‡ãŠ Öãñ… Íã‡ãŠÊãñÊãã ¶ããÖãè Öãè Íãñã‡ãŠãâ¦ããè‡ãŠã ‚ããÖñ. ‡ãŠãߪÀãè Öãè ŒãÀãñŒãÀãèÞã ‡ãŠãߪÀãèÞã Öãñ¦ããè ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ãã•ãÖãè ‚ããÖñ. ¾ãñ©ãñ Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ãä¼ãÊÊã ÌãÔ¦ããèÊãã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ÔÌã¦ã⨾ã¹ãîÌãà ‚ãããä¥ã ÔãìÀÌãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ÔÌã¦ã⨾ãã⦦ãÀ ‡ãŠãßã¦ã Öñ ¦ãñ©ãÊããè •ãâØãÊã Œã㦾ããÞããè ‚ããä¦ã‰ãŠ½ããè¦ã •ã½ããè¶ã ‡ãŠÔã¦ã Öãñ¦ãñ. ¦ãñ©ãî¶ã 25 ãä‡ã⊽ããè ‚ãâ¦ãÀãÌãÀ ‚ãÔãÊãñʾãã ¶ãØãÀªñâÌãß¾ããÞ¾ãã ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãÞããè ‡ãŠãÖãè •ã½ããè¶ãÖãè Öñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠÔã¦ã. ŒãñãÊãã¹ãîÀ, Íããè¹ãÜãã› Öñ ¶ããØãã¹ãîÀ ‡ãŠÀâ•ãŒãñ¡¿ããÞ¾ãã ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞ¾ãã ½ããÊã‡ãŠãèÞ¾ãã ‚ãããä¥ã •ãâØãÊã Œã㦾ããÞ¾ãã ½ããÊã‡ãŠãèÞ¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè ‡ãŠÔã¦ã. ¦ãÀ •ãñÖîÀ,‡ãŠßâ‡ãŠãè, Øãì•ãÀªÀãè, ½ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ¹ãâî•ã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Öñ •ãñÖîÀ, ‡ãŠßâ‡ãŠãè, ¶ããâªØããâÌã ‚ãããä¥ã ÞããßãèÔãØããâÌã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞ¾ãã ‚ãããä¥ã •ãâØãÊã Œã㦾ããÞ¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè ‡ãŠÔã¦ã. ¹ãÆÔ©ããä¹ã¦ããâÞ¾ãã 25 ¦ãñ 50 ãä‡ãŠ.½ããè. ªîÀ ÀãÖî¶ãÖãè ¾ãã •ãâØãÊãã¦ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¶ããÌããÌãÀ •ã½ããè¶ããè Öãñ¦¾ãã ½ãã¨ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããéÞ¾ãã ¦ã㺾ãã¦ããèÊã •ãâØãÊã •ã½ããè¶ããè Ûãã ‚ã•ãî¶ãÖãè ‚ããä¦ã‰ãŠ½ããè¦ã •ããä½ã¶ããèÞã ‚ããÖñ¦ã ÖñÖãè ‚ããÍÞã¾ãÃÞã. Öñ ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ÔããÌã‡ãŠãÀãâÞãñ Öñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‚ãã§ãã¹ã¾ãĦã ÌãñŸãäºãØããÀ Öãñ¦ãñ ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ãã•ãÖãè ‡ãŠã¾ã²ããÞ¾ãã Þããõ‡ãŠ›ãè¦ã ¶ãÔã¦ããèÊã ¹ã¥ã ŒãÀñ ÌãñŸãäºãØããÀ ‚ããÖñ¦ã.
½ããè 1985 ÔããËãè ‡ãŠ¸ã¡ „ÞÞã ½ã㣾ããä½ã‡ãŠ ãäÎãàã‡ãŠ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã Ö•ãÀ ¢ããËãñ. ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ãäÌã²ãã¹ããèŸãÞ¾ãã ¼ããÀ¦ããè¾ã ‚ãããä¥ã ¹ãÀ‡ãŠãè¾ã ¼ããÓãã ¾ãã ãäÌã¼ããØãã¦ãî¶ã ‚ããäÖÀã¥ããè ºããñËãèÞ¾ãã ¼ããÓããÌãõ—ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ ‚ã¼¾ããÔããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ‚ãã›ãñ¹ãʾãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¹ãŠãÌãʾãã Ìãñßã¦ã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã •ãâØãË ¼ãƽãâ¦ããè ÔãìÁ ¢ããËãè. ‡ãŠ¸ã¡ ¹ããäÀÔãÀ Öã ãä¶ãÔãØãà Ôããõ⪾ããöãñ ‚ããñ¦ã¹ãÆãñ¦ã ¼ãÀËñËã,Þããõ¹ãŠñÀ ØãÞÞã ‚ãÔãñ ½ããñãäÖ¶ããè ÜããË¥ããÀñ •ãâØãË, Øããõ¦ããßã ‚ã¼ã¾ããÀ¥¾ã. ¾ãã •ãâØãËã¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ãä¼ãÊÊã •ã½ãã¦ããè ‚ããÑã¾ããÊãã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÍããè ¶ããß •ãì¡Êããè. ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãÔ¾ã, ¹ãÆͶ㠆‡ãŠî ÊããØãÊãñã, Ôããñ¡ãäÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè Ôãâºãâãä£ã¦ããâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ØããÅÖã¥ããè ½ããâ¡î ÊããØãÊãñã. ¹ãì¤ñ ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ÍããÔã¶ããÞããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã Ìã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãâÔ©ãã ¹ãì¥ãñ ¾ããâÞãñ‡ãŠ¡ñ ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ããÌãÀÖãè ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ. ÌãØããæ㠾ãñ¥ããÀñ ãäÌã²ãã©ããÃè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‚ãÔãî¶ãÖãè ¦¾ããâÞãñ‡ãŠ¡ñ •ãã¦ããèÞãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ Ìã ¹ãÆÌãñÍããÞãñÌãñßãè ãäÍãÓ¾ãÌãð¦¦ããèÞãã ‚ã•ãà ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ãäªÊ¾ããÌãÀ ¼ãÁ ¾ãã ¼ãÀÌãÍããÌãÀ ¹ãì¤ñ ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ ãä¶ã¾ã½ãã¹ãƽãã¥ãñ ¹ãì¥ãÃãä¹ãŠÔã ÌãÔãîÊã ‡ãŠñÊããè ØãñÊããè. ¾ããâ¶ãã •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ãä½ãßãÌããè¦ã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ¦¾ãã ãäÌãÓã¾ãã¦ã ¡ãñ‡ãŠñ Üãã¦ãÊãñ. 1985 ¹ããÔãî¶ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ •ãã¦ã ¹ãÆã½ã¥ã¹ã¨ã ªñ¥ããÀñ Ôãàã½ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè, †Ôã¡ã膽㠂ããÊãñ¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã ØãñÊãñ¦ã. ½ãã¨ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ã ‡ãŠãØãªãñ¹ã¨ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ¶ããâñªÞã ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ‚ãã½ÖãÊãã ¦ããè ªñ¦ããÞã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè ‚ãÔãã ¶ã¸ããÞãã¹ãã¤ã ÔãÌããöããèÞã ÊããÌãÊãñÊãã. •ãâØãÊãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè •ãâØãÊãã¦ã ãäÍã‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠÁ¶ã Ìãã Íãñ•ããÀÞ¾ãã ‚ããä¦ã‡ãÆŠãä½ã¦ã •ãâØãÊã •ããä½ã¶ããèÌãÀ ¹ããñ› ¼ãÀ¦ãã¦ã ¦ãÀ ¼ãÁ ²ãã ‚ãÍããè ¼ãî¦ãª¾ããÌããªãè ¼ãîãä½ã‡ãŠã •ãâØãÊãŒã㦾ããÞ¾ã㠇㊽ãÃÞããÔãžããâÞããè ÀãÖã¦ã ØãñÊããè. ¹ãì¤ñ 1986 ÔããÊããè Øããõ¦ããßã ‚ããù›È½ãÜãã› ‚ã¼ã¾ããÀ¥¾ããÞããè ÜããñÓã¥ãã ¢ããÊããè. •ãâØãÊãã¦ããèÊã Ìã ÊãØã¦ãÞ¾ãã ØããÌããâ¶ãã Ìã¶ãÞãÀãƒÃ Ìã Ìã¶ãև㋇ãŠãâÌãÀ ºãâªãè ‚ããÊããè. ‚ã¼ã¾ããÀ¥¾ãàãñ¨ããÊãã ‡ãŠãÖãè ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ‡ãŠìâ¹ã¥ãÖãè ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞãñ ¾ããñ•ãÊãñ ØãñÊãñ. •ãâØãÊãã¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãñ ‚ããäÔ¦ã¦ÌãÞã ‡ãŠãØãªãñ¹ã¨ããè ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ Ìã ¦¾ããâÞãñÌãÀ ‚ããä¦ã‡ãÆŠ½ã¶ããÞãñ Øãì¶ÖñÖãè ‡ãŠ£ããèÖãè ªãŒãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãñ ¶ã Øãñʾãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞãñ ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ããäÔ¦ã¦ÌããÊããÞã ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ ¶ãã‡ãŠãÀÊãñ. ¹ãì¤ñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãÔ¾ã㠇㊽ããè Öãñ¥¾ãã†ñÌã•ããè Ìã㤦ãÞã Øãñʾãã¦ã. •ãâØãÊãã¦ã ‚ã—ãã¶ãã¦ã ÔãìŒããè •ããèÌã¶ã •ãØã¥ããÀñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¹ãì¤ñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ¹ãìÌããèÃÞ¾ãã ‚ãÔã⌾ã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆͶããâÔãÖÞã ¶ãÌãñ ‚ãÔãñ ãäÍãàã¥ã, Ìã¶ã•ããä½ã¶ããè, ÀãÖî›á¿ããÞ¾ãã (ÀãÖ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã) •ããØãã ¾ããâÞãñ ¶ãÌãñ ¹ãÆͶ㠄¼ãñ ÀããäÖÊãñ¦ã. ‚ããäÔ¦ã¦ÞããÞããÞã ¹ãÆͶ㠄¼ãã ÀããäÖÊãã.

ÔÌãã¦ãâ¨ã¹ãîÌãà ‡ãŠãÊãã¹ããÔãî¶ã ¾ãã ¡ãâñØãÀã¦ã ‚ããÑã¾ããÊãã ‚ããÊãñÊãñ Öñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ºãì•ãÀñ, ãä¼ã¨ãñ, Ôã½ãã•ãã¹ããÔãî¶ã ªîÀ ÀãÖ¥ããÀñ Êããñ‡ãŠ. ÞããñÀãè ½ããÀã½ããÀãè Ìãã ‚ã㡪ã⡹ã¥ãã ‡ãŠì¥ããÊããÖãè ½ãããä֦㠶ããÖãè ‚ãÔãñ Êããñ‡ãŠ. ¾ããâÞããè ªŒãÊã ¶ãã ÍããÔã¶ããÊãã, ¶ãã Êããñ‡ãŠ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããèâ¶ãã ܾããÌããè Ìãã›Êããè ¶ãã Íãñ•ããÀÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãã•ããÊãã. ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ããÖñ¦ã Ìã ½ããè ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÌãÀ ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã ¹ãƇãŠÊ¹ã ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠÁ ƒãäÞœ¦ããñ ‚ãÔãñÖãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã Ìã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ÔãâÔ©ãñÞ¾ã㠦㦇ãŠãÊããè¶ã ÔãâÞããÊã‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ½ã㶾㠶ãÌÖ¦ãñ. ÍãñÌã›ãè (¹ãƺãâ£ãã¦ããèÊã ½ã¦ãñ ½ãã¢ããè Ìãõ¾ããä‡ã‹¦ã‡ãŠ ‚ãÔãî¶ã ¦ããè ÍããÔã¶ããÊãã ºããâãä£ãÊã ÀãÖ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè¦ã Ìã ½ããè ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè •ã½ãã¦ããèÔããŸãè ÍããÔã¶ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã ¶¾ãã¾ããÊã¾ãã¦ã •ãã¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè)‚ãÔãã ãäÌããäÞã¨ã ½ã•ã‡ãŠîÀãÔãÖÞãã Íãâ¼ãÀ Á¹ã¾ããÞãã ºããù¶¡ ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ªñÌãî¶ã ¹ãì¤ñ ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñ. ¦¾ããÌãÀ Ôã½ãÔ¾ãã Ôãì›Ê¾ãã ¶ããÖãè¦ã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã •ã½ããè¶ããè ãä½ãßãʾãã¦ã ¦ãÀ ‚ãã¹ãʾãã Íãñ¦ãã¦ã ÔÌãԦ㠪Àã¦ã Àãºã¥ããÀã †‡ãŠ ½ã•ãîÀÌãØãà ‡ãŠ½ããè Öãñ¥ããÀ, ¦¾ããâÞããè ½ãìÊãñ ãäÍã‡ãŠÊããè¦ã ¦ãÀ ¦ããè ÍãÖã¥ããè Öãñ¦ããèÊã Ìã ¡ãñƒÃ•ã¡ Öãñ¦ããèÊã Öãè Íãñ•ããÀÞ¾ãã ‚ã¡ã¥ããè ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã Ôã½ãã•ããÞããè ¼ããÌã¶ãã. ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãè ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀã Öã ‚ãã¹ãÊãã Íã¨ãî ‚ãÔãã Ôã½ã•ã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ã Á¤ Öãñ¥ãñ ‚ã¹ãñãäàã¦ã Þã Öãñ¦ãññ. ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ããÞãñ ØããâÌã ‚ãÔãÊãñ ¦ãÀãè ÔãâÔ©ãã ÞããÊã‡ãŠ Ìã ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ ÔãÌãà ‡ãŠ½ãÃÞããÀãè Öñ ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠìŸÊ¾ãã¦ãÀãè ØããÌããÞãñÞã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã ‚ãããä¥ã ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ•ã¥ã Öã Íãñ¦ã‡ãŠÀãè ‡ãŠì›îâºããÞããÞã Ü㛇ãŠ. Êããñ‡ãŠ ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããèÖãè ¦¾ããâ¶ããÞã ŒãìÓã ŸñÌãî ƒãäÞœ¥ããÀã. ½ãØã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ºãã•ãî¶ãñ ‡ãŠìŸÊããÖãè ¶¾ãã¾ã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ã Á•ãî Íã‡ãŠ¥ããÀãÞã ¶ãÌÖ¦ãã. Ô©ãããä¶ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆÔããÀ Ìã ¹ãÆÞããÀ ½ã㣾ã½ãñÖãè ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ããâÞ¾ããÞã ºãã•ãîÞãñ. ¾ãã½ãìßñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãèÞãã Êã¤ã Öã ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè Ôããâ¼ããßî¶ã ÔãìÁ ŸñÌã¥ãñ ãä•ã‡ãŠÀãèÞãñÞã ‡ãŠã½ã Öãñ¦ãñ. Ôãì›ãèÞ¾ãã ãäªÌãÍããè , Íããä¥ãÌããÀãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãÔ¾ãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔããÌã¾ããÞ¾ãã, ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ãäªÍãã ²ããÌã¾ããÞããè. ¾ãã½ãìßñ ¹ãì¶Öã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ããâÞãã ÀãñÓã Öã ‚ããñ¤Ìãî¶ã Üãñ¥ãñ Öñ ‚ããÊãñÞã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã½ãã¶ãã ¹ãÆ㣾ã㶾㠪ñ¥ãñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¾ãñ¦ãÀ, ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã, ÔÌã•ãã¦ããè¾ã ÛããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀã£ãã¦ã ‡ãŠð¦ããè ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ Öãñ¦ãñ. ¢ããÊãñÖãè ¦ãÔãñÞã. ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ½ããñŸ½ããñŸñ ½ãñßãÌãñ, Ôãã½ãìªã¾ããè‡ãŠ ãäÌãÌããÖ,¹ããÀ ¹ãã¡Êãñ¦ã ¦¾ããâ¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ‚ãã•ããè, ½ãã•ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ½ãâ¨ããè ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã ½ãñßã̾ããÊãã ãä¶ã½ãâ¨ããè¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ ØãñÊãñ¦ã. ¾ãã ºããâºããè ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ãä¶ãÌãñª¶ãñ, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔãâºãâãä£ã¦ã ÊãñŒã¶ã ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ¹ãÆÔããÀ ½ã㣾ã½ããâ¶ããÖãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ªŒãÊã Üãñ¥ãñ ¼ããØã ¹ãã¡Êãñ ØãñÊãñ.

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‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÍããè Ôãâºãâãä£ã¦ã ¶ãÌã¶ãÌãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ, ‚ããä¦ã‡ãÆŠãä½ã¦ã Ìã¶ã •ã½ããè¶ããèÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãªñ,‚ãããäªÌãÔããèÔããŸãèÞããè ÍããÔã¶ããÞ¾ãã Íãõàã¥ãäã‡ãŠ ÔãÌãÊã¦ããè ¾ãã ºããºããèÞããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¼ããØãã¦ã ÞãÞããà ¢ãã¡î ÊããØãÊããè. ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã Ìã Êããñ‡ãŠ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ããä£ãâ¶ãã •ãñ ¶ã‡ãŠãñ Öãñ¦ãñ ¦ãñÞã ¶ãñ½ã‡ãŠñ Üã¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊãñ •ãã¦ã Öãñ¦ãñ. †‡ãŠã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ãã¶ãñ †‡ãŠã ‚ããªãäÌããÔããèÞããè Øããñßá¿ãã ÜããÊãî¶ã Ö¦¾ãã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ¹ãÆñ¦ã ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀ ¶ãÓ›Öãè ‡ãŠÊãñ. ¦¾ããÞãñ ¹ãìÀãÌãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ããè ¹ããñÊããèÔã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããâ¶ããÖãè ãäªÊãñ¦ã. ¢ãã¡ãÞ¾ãã Œããñ¡ã¦ã Á¦ãÊãñʾãã ºãâªì‡ãŠãèÞ¾ãã Øãñãßá¿ããÖãè ¹ãâÞã¶ãã½¾ãã¦ã ãäªÊ¾ãã¦ã. ¹ãì¤ñ ¹ãâÞã¶ãã½ãã, ¦ãñ Œããñ¡ ¶ãããäÖÔãñ ¢ããÊãñ. ¦ã‡ãÆŠãÀ‡ãŠ¦¾ããà ½ãð¦ããÞ¾ã㠹㦶ããè‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÖÌããè ¦ãÔãÊããè ãä¶ãÌãñª¶ãñ ãäÊãÖî¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊããè ØãñÊããè. ¦¾ãã ½ããÀñ‡ãŠÅ¾ããÞ¾ã㠂㛇ãŠñÔããŸãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ããè ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ãä¶ãÌãñª¶ãñ, £ãÀ¥ãñ, ½ããñÞãñ ‡ãŠã¤Êãñ. ÌãÁ¶ã ŒããÊã¹ã¾ãæãÞããè ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã ÖãªÀÊããè. ‚ãããäªÌããÔãâãèÌãÀ ½ããè ªºããÌã ‚ãã¥ããÌãã Ìã ‚ãâªãñÊã¶ã Ô©ãØããè¦ã ‡ãŠÀãÌãñ ‚ãÔããÖãè ªºããÌã ½ãã¢ãñÌãÀÖãè ‚ããÊãã. ¦¾ãã¦ã ‡ãŠãßã ãäªÌãÔã „•ãã¡Êãã. 25 ‚ããùØãÓ› 2002. ½ãìâºãƒÃÊãã ºããù½ºãÔ¹ãŠãñ› ¢ããÊãã ¦¾ããÞã ãäªÌãÍããè ÀããäӛȾ㠽ãÖã½ããØãà ‡ãÆŠ. 211 ÌãÀãèÊã ‚ãâ£ãã¶ãñÀ ¹ãŠã›á¿ããÌãÀ. ãäÌããäÌã£ã ½ããØã¥ããèÔããŸãèÞ¾ãã ÀÔ¦ããÀãñ‡ãŠãñ ºããºã¦ã Ôãâºãâãä£ã¦ããâ¶ãã ãä¶ãÌãñª¶ãñ ªñÌãî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ããè ¹ãìÌãà ãä¶ã¾ããñãä•ã¦ã ‚ãÔãã ‡ãŠã¾ã‡ãŠÃ‡ãÆŠ½ã ÀãºããäÌãÊãã Öãñ¦ãã. ‡ãŠ¸ã¡ ÍãÖÀã¦ã ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠÌãñßã ‚ãÔãñ £ãÀ¥ãñ, ÀÔ¦ããÀãñ‡ãŠãñ Ìãã ½ããÞãñà ãä¶ãÜããÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñ.¶ãâ¦ãÀÖãè ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠÌãñßã ãä¶ãÜããÊãñ¦ã. ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ÌãñßñÔããÀŒãã ¹ããñÊããèÔããâÞãã ºãìâªî‡ãŠ£ããÀãè ºãâªãñºãԦ㠇㊣ããèÖãè ¶ãÌÖ¦ãã. Íããâ¦ã¦ãã½ã¾ã ½ããØãÃã¶ãñ ÌããØã¥ããžãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÀÞã ºãñœî› ØããñßãèºããÀ, ÊããŸãè ÖÊÊãã Ìã ªØ㡹ãŠñ‡ãŠ ¢ããÊããè. ªìÔãžãã ãäªÌãÍããè Íãâ¼ãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ã㠂㛇㊠¢ããÊããè Ìã ÔãÌãà ¹ãñ¹ãÔãý㣾ãñ ÞããßãèÔã ¹ããñÊããèÔã •ãŒã½ããè ¢ããʾããÞ¾ãã ºãã¦ã½¾ãã ‚ããä¦ãÀâ•ããè¦ã ÔÌãÁ¹ãã¦ã ‚ããʾãã¦ã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÀ ªºããÌã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ‚ãâªãñÊã¶ã ©ããâºãÌãã ‚ãÔãã ªºããÌã ¢ãìØããÀ¥¾ããÞããè ãäÍãàãã ½ãÊããÖãè ãä½ãߥããÀÞã Öãè ‚ã¹ãñàãã Öãñ¦ããèÞã. ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ½ãì²ãã½ã Ü㛶ãññÞ¾ãã ãäªÌãÍããè ½ããè Ü㛶ããÔ©ãßãè •ãã¥ãñÖãè ›ãßÊãñ. ¹ãì¥ãÃÌãñß ½ãÖããäÌã²ããÊã¾ãã¦ã ¦ãããäÔã‡ãŠã Üãñ¦ãʾãã. ½ãã¨ã ªìÔãÀñ ãäªÌãÍããè ½ãã¢ãñ ¶ããÌã ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ ªãŒãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã Øãì¶Ûãã¦ã ¶ããñªãäÌãÊãñ ØãñÊãñ. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ¼ããÓã¥ã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ¼ã¡‡ãŠÌãî¶ã ÞããßãèÔã ¹ããñÊããèÔã ŸãÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞã㠇㊛ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ½ãã¢ãñÌãÀ Ìã ÌãñÊ¡ãèâØãÞãñ ‡ãŠÌãÃÍããù¹ã ÞããÊããäÌã¥ããÀã ½ãã¢ãã •ãÌãßÞãã ãä½ã¨ã ÀãäÌãâªÆ ªñÍã½ãìŒã ªãñÖãñÌãÀ †‡ãŠî¥ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ‚ãÍãã 22 ‡ãŠÊã½ããâ‚ã¶Ìã¾ãñ Øãì¶Öã ªãŒãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãã ØãñÊãã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ãã ¶¾ãã¾ã ªñ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã ¾ãã ¼ãã¶ãØã¡ãè¦ã ¹ã¡¥¾ããºãªáªÊãÞãã ½ãÊãã £ã¡ã ãäÍã‡ãŠãäÌ㥾ããÞãã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ããâÞãã ¾ãã ‡ãÆŠìÀ ¹ãƾ㦶ãã¦ã ½ãã¢ããè ½ãã¶ããäÔã‡ãŠ¦ãã, ¹ãõÔãã, Ìãñß, ‚ãããä¥ã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ Ôãâºãâ£ã ¾ããâÞããè ¹ããÀ ¤ãÔãߥ㠢ããÊããè. ªãñ¶ã ÌãÓãñà 100 ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔãÖ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ÔãñÍã¶ã ‡ãŠãñ›ãæã Þã‡ãŠÀã ½ããÀ¥ãñ ÔãìÁ ¢ããÊãñ. ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ‡ãŠì›îâºããÞããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ãƦããè, ½ã㢾ãã ‡ãŠã½ãã¹ãƦããè ãä¶ãÓŸã ¤ãÔãߥ¾ããÞããè ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊããè. ¾ãã ¹ãìÌããèÃÖãè ¹ããÞã ØããÌãã¦ãî¶ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ã䟇ãŠã¥ãÞããè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè ¦ããèÖãè ‚ãØãñ¶› ºãù‡ãŠÊããùØã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã Øã½ãÌããÌããè ÊããØãʾããÞãñ ªì:Œã ‡ãŠì›îâãäºã¾ããâ¶ãã Öãñ¦ãñÞã. ƒ¦ãÀ ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ããâ¹ãƽãã¥ãñÞã ‡ãŠì›îâºããÞããè £ããÀ¥ããÖãè ‚ããÀàã¥ããè ãäÌãÀãñ£ããè, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌãÀãñ£ããè, ½ããØããÔãÌãØããèþã ãäÌãÀãñ£ããè ºã¶ã¥¾ããÔããŸãè ¾ããñؾ㠂ãÔãñ Ìãã¦ããÌãÀ¥ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããñÊãñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñ. 2005 ½ã£¾ãñ ‡ãŠñÔãÞãã ãä¶ã‡ãŠãÊã ÊããØãÊãã. ½ãã¢ãñÔãÖ ÔãÌãà ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ½ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ ØãñÊãñ¦ã. ½ãã¨ã ªãñ¶ã ÌãÓããæ㠹ãâÞããäÌãÔã ¦ãñ ¦ããèÔã Ìãñßã 100 ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¡ãñØãÀªÅ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã½ã Ôããñ¡î¶ã Àãñ•ãâªãÀãè ºãì¡Ìãî¶ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ÔããŸãè ¼ãã¡ñ ŒãÞãÃî¶ã, Ìã‡ãŠãèÊããÞããè ãä¹ãŠÔãªñÌãî¶ã, •ãñÌã¶ããÞãã ŒãÞãà ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ‚ããÊãñ¦ã. ÊããŒãññã Á¹ã¾ããâÞããè, ÌãñßñÞããè „£ã߹㛛ãè ¢ããÊããè. ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ½ããØã¥ããèÞãñ ½ãã¨ã ‡ãŠãÖãèÖãè ¢ããÊãñ ¶ããÖãè. ‡ãŠãñ›ãöãñÖãè ‡ãŠñÌãß ÀÔ¦ããÀãñ‡ãŠãñ ÖãÞã ½ãìªáªã ¹ããÖî¶ã ãä¶ã‡ãŠãÊã ãäªÊãã, ¦ããñ ‡ãŠÍããÔããŸãè ¢ããÊãã Öãñ¦ãã Ìã ¦¾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ã ¢ããÊãñ Öñ ‡ãŠãÖãèÖãè ¹ãããäÖÊãñ ¶ããÖãè.¹ããñÊããèÔã Œãì¶ããè ½ãã¥ãÔããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ã½ã ¦ã¹ããÔããÌãÀ ‚ããÖñ. ½ãð¦ããÞ¾ãã ºãã¾ã‡ãŠãñÊãã ãäÌã£Ìãã ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ÔãÌãÊã¦ãÖãè ‡ãŠñÔã ½ã£ããèÊã ÔãããäàãªãÀ ½ãÖÔãîÊã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããâ¶ããè ªñÌãî ‡ãŠñÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ‚ãÔããñ. ½ãã¨ã ¾ãã ‡ãŠãñ›Ã, ¹ããñÊããèÔã Ìã ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã ‡ãŠã¾ã ‡ãŠÁ Íã‡ãŠ¦ãã¦ã Öñ Êãàãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñ. •ãã½ããè¶ã, Ìã‡ãŠãèÊã, ¦ããÀŒãã Öã ¶ãÌãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ¢ããÊãã. ¹ãì¤ñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ãã, ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãä¹ãŠÀ¥ãñ,½ãñßãÌãñ Üãñ¥ãñ Öñ ‚ãã£ããè ‡ãŠã¾ã²ãã¶ãñ ¹ãì¤ñ ÔÌãñÞœñ¶ãñ ›ãßî ÊããØãÊããñ. Öñ ÔãÌãà ‡ãŠÁ¶ãÖãè ¦¾ããâÞãñ ¹ãÆͶãÞã Ôã웦㠶ããÖãè¦ã Ìã „Êã› ‚ãã¹ãÊããè ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀãè ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠì›âîºã ‚ã¡Þã¥ããè¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãñ Öñ Êãàãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñ.
ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ãã¶ãâ¦ãÀ 60/70 ÌãÓãõà „Êã›î¶ã ØãñʾããÌãÀÖãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ªŒãÊã ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ Üãñ¦ãÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè. Øãñʾãã ¦ããèÔã-¹ãÔ¦ããèÔã ÌãÓããùããÔãî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ªŒãÊã ܾããÌããè Ìã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ Ìã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã Íãõàããä¥ã‡ãŠ Ìã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÆÌããÖã¦ã ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ܾããÌãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‚ã㦦ãã¹ã¾ãÃâ¦ã ½ããè ÔÌã¦ã: ãäÌããäÌã£ã Ô¦ãÀãÌãÁ¶ã ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãñ ¹ãƾ㦶ã Ìã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¹ãã¦ãßãèÌãÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ¹ã¨ã̾ãÌãÖãÀãâ¶ãã ‚ãã•ãÌãÀ ¾ãÍã Êãã¼ãÊãñÊãñ ¶ããÖãè. ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãñ ÌããÔ¦ã̾㠾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã Øãñʾãã ã䪡Íãñ ¦ãñ ªãñ¶ãÍãñ ÌãÓããà ¹ãîÌããèÃÞãñ ‚ãÔãî¶ãÖãè •ãâØãÊãã¦ãî¶ã Ìã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãñ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ÖîÔã‡ãŠãÌãî¶ã ÊããÌ㥾ããÞãñ Ôã¦ã¦ãÞãñ ¹ãƾ㦶㠂ãã•ãÖãè Öãñ¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã.



‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãèÞãã ÔãìŒãª ‡ãŠãß:

½ãã¨ã Øãñʾãã ªãñ¶ã ÌãÓããùãîÌããèà ¶ããØã¹ãîÀÖî¶ã ºãªÊãî¶ã ‚ããÊãñÊãñ ÔãÖ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ¦ã©ãã •ãã¦ã ¹ã¡¦ããߥããè „¹ãã‚㣾ãàã Ñããè.ÌÖãè.†Ôã.¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâÞãã ½ãÊãã ‚ãÞãã¶ã‡ãŠ ¹ãŠãñ¶ã ‚ããÊãã. ¹ãŠãñ¶ãÌãÁ¶ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ããè ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ããÞããè Ìã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔãâãèÞããè ÞãÞããÇãŠñÊããè Ìã ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ½ãã¢ããè Ìã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã ¼ãñ›ãèÞããè ƒÞœã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããè. ªãñ¶ã ãäªÌãÔããâ¦ã ¦ãñ ½ãÊãã ¼ãñ›ã¾ãÊãã ÜãÀãè ‚ããÊãñ¦ã. ¦¾ãã ¹ãîÌããÃè ‚ãã½Öãè ¹ãÀÔ¹ãÀãâ¶ãã ¹ããäÀãäÞã¦ãÖãè ¶ãÌÖ¦ããñ. ½ãã¨ã ½ãã¢ãñ ¹ãƺãâ£ã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÌããÞãÊãñÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñ. ½ããè ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ¦ããèÔã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀÌãã¡á¿ãã Ìã ¦¾ããÞããè ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ‚ãã¤ß¥ããÀãè ¦ããèÔã ¹ãƇãŠãÀÞããè ‚ã㡶ããÌãñ, ºããñÊããè, ¹ãñÖÀãÌã, ªñÌãªñÌã¦ãã, Á¤ãè¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã ¾ããÌãÀ ÞãÞããà ‡ãŠñÊããè. Ìã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãñ ¹ãƾ㦶ããâÞãã ÍããÔã¶ããÍããè ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãã ¹ã¨ã̾ãÌãÖãÀ ªãŒããäÌãÊãã. ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãã¢ãñÔãÖ ‡ãŠãñßÌãã¡ãè Ìã †‡ãŠªãñ¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÌãÔ¦ããè¶ãã ÔÌã¦ã:ÖãñÌãî¶ã ¼ãñ› ãäªÊããè. ¦ãñ©ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞãã ¶ãð¦¾ã, ¹ãìÁÓããâÞãã ‡ãŠãâºã¡ ¶ããÞã ªãŒããäÌãÊãã, ºããñÊããèÞãñ ¶ã½ãì¶ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¦ã¹ããÔãÊãñ. ½ããè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÌãÀÞãñ Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ÔãâÍããñ£ã¶ã, ¹ã¨ã̾ãÌãÖãÀ Ìã ½ããè ãäÊãÖî¶ã ¹ãƇãŠããäÍã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ªãŒããäÌãÊãñ. ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãÊãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¾ãñ©ãñ ÌããʽããèÊãã 16 ¶ããñÌÖñ 2010 Àãñ•ããè ¼ãÀãäÌãÊãñʾãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè •ãã¦ã¹ã¡¦ããߥããè ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããÔããŸãèÞ¾ãã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ÌãØããæ㠂ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÌãÀ ̾ã㌾ãã¶ã ²ãã¾ãÊãã ãä¶ã½ãâãä¨ã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ. ½ããè ¦¾ãã ¹ãÆãäÍãàã¥ã ÌãØããæã ÔãÌãà ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããâ¶ãã †ÊãÔããè¡ãè ¹ãÆãñ•ãñ‡ã‹›ÀÌãÁ¶ã ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ãäÞã¨ããä¹ãŠ¦ããè Ìã ÔÊããƒÃ¡ Íãñã ªãŒããäÌãÊãã. ½ãã. Ìã.Ôãì.¹ãã›Êããâ¶ããè ½ãã¢ãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÌãÀãèÊã¹ãƇãŠããäÍã¦ã ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ¹ããäÍãàã¥ã ÔãããäÖ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠãÊããÖãè ãäªÊãñ. ¦¾ãã ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ÞãÞããÃÖãè ¢ã¡Êããè. ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÛãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ‚ããñߌ㠹ãÆ©ã½ãÞã Öãñ¦ã ‚ãÔãʾããºããºã¦ãÞããèÖãè ÞãÞããà ¢ããÊããè. ¦¾ãã ¶ãâ¦ãÀ ¦ãñ Íãâ¼ãÀ •ãã¦ã ¹ã¡¦ããߥããè ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ‚ãâºããÊãã Ìã Ì㡶ãñÀ ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèŸã‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ØããÌããâ¶ãã ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ¼ãñ› ²ããÌã¾ããÔã ‚ããÊãñ¦ã. ¦ãñ©ãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ÔãÌãà ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã, ¶ãð¦¾ã , ãä¶ãÌããÔã, ‡ãŠ¹ã¡ñ, ºããñÊããè, ¡ãñâØãÀ „¦ããÀãÌãÀÞ¾ãã ¹ãã¾ãžãã ¹ãã¾ãžããâÞ¾ãã Ìã¶ã•ã½ããè¶ããè Öñ ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ¹ããÖ¦ãã ‚ããÊãñ. ¦¾ããâÞãñ ã䪹ããÌãÊããèÞãñ ãäªÌãÔã ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¶ããÀß Ìã ‡ãŠÀªãñ¡ã ªñÌãî¶ã ºãã¾ã‡ãŠãâ¶ããè ÔÌããØã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊãñ Ìã ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀãØã¦ã ‡ãŠãâºã¡ ¶ããÞãÖãè ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊãã. ¦ãñ©ãñÞã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ÔããâØãî¶ã ›ã‡ãŠÊãñ ‡ãŠãè Öñ Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ŒãÀñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞã ‚ããÖñ¦ã ¾ãã¦ã Íãâ‡ãŠã ¶ããÖãè. ¦¾ãã Íãâ¼ãÀ ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããâ¦ã Ô㣾ããÞãñ ÔãÖ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ¦ã©ãã •ãã¦ã ¹ã¡¦ããߥããè „¹ã㣾ãàã Ñããè. ½ãÖãÌãÀ‡ãŠÀ Öñ Öãè Öãñ¦ãñ. Ìã.Ôãì. ¹ãã›Êããâ¶ããè ¦ãÁ¥ããâÍããè ÔãâÌã㪠Ôãã£ãÊãã. ¦¾ãã¹ãõ‡ãŠãè ‚ã㟠¦ãÁ¥ããâ¶ããè ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã •ãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ããâÞãñ ÌÖùãäÊããä¡›ãè ¶ããÖãè Öãè ‚ã¡Þã¥ã ½ãã⡦ããâÞã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ªìÔãÀñ ãäªÌãÍããè ºããñÊããÌãî¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñ. ½ããè ÔÌã¦ã: ¦¾ããâ¶ãã Øãã¡ãè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠¹ããŸãäÌãÊãñ ¦¾ããÌãñßãè ¦¾ããâÞããè Öãñ¦ããñÖã¦ã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦ãñÖãè Íãîʇ㊠¶ã ‚ãã‡ãŠãÀ¦ãã ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ããâ¶ããè ÌÖùãäÊããä¡›ãè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ãäªÊããè.
¦¾ãã ¶ãâ¦ãÀÖãè ÔããªÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñÊããè ‚ãŸÀã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ããâÞ¾ãã ÌÖÊããè¡ãè›ãè ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ããÞã㠇㊽ãÃÞããÀãè ‡ãŠãù¶Ô›ñºãÊã Ôãã¶ã¹ã Ôããè.¹ããè Öñ ÔÌã¦ã: 20 ¶ããñÌÖñ Àã•ããè ½ãã¢ãñ ÜãÀãè ÜãñÌãî¶ã ‚ããÊãñ¦ã. ½ããè ¦ããè ãäÔÌã‡ãŠãÁ¶ã ÔãÖãè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ¹ããñÞã ãäªÊããè Ìã ¦¾ããâÞãñ Ôã½ããñÀÞã ½ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâ¶ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããÃâ‡ãŠÀÌããè ¹ãŠãñ¶ã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ºããñÊããÌãî¶ã Üãñ¦ãÊãñ Ìã 18 Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã ÌÖùãäÊããä¡›ãè ‡ãŠãØ㪹ã¨ããâÔãÖ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ªñÌãî¶ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ããñÞã Üãñ¦ãÊããè. Öñ ÔãÌãà ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ããÖãè ŒãÞããà ãäÌã¶ãã ¢ããÊãñ. ‡ãŠì¥ããèÖãè ‡ãŠì¥ããÊããÖãè ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦ããèÖãè À‡ã‹‡ãŠ½ã ãäªÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè.
„¦ÔããÖ ªì¥ããÌãÊãã ØãñÊãã. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã¼ããØãã¦ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãÆŠ½ããâÞãñ ‚ãã¾ããñ•ã¶ã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ¦ã¦‡ãŠããäÊã¶ã ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ÌÖãè.†Ôã.¹ãã›ãèÊã Ìã „¹ããäÌã¼ããØããè¾ã ªâ¡ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè Ñããè. Œã¹ãÊãñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ãäÌããäÌã£ã Ìãñßãè ºããñÊããÌãÊãñ. ¹ãì¤ñ Ìã.Ôãì. ¹ãã›ÊããâÞ¾ãã ÔãÖ‡ãŠã¾ããöãñ Ñããè Œã¹ãÊãñ ¾ããâ¶ããèÖãè ãäÌããäÌã£ã ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè •ãã¦ã¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ããâÞãñ ãäÌã¦ãÀ¥ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãÆŠ½ã ŸñÌãÊãñ¦ã. ¹ãì¤ñ ¦ããè¶ã ½ããñŸá¿ãã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãÆŠ½ããâ¦ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¦ããè¶ã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ãî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‚ãÔãʾããÞããè •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ãäÍããäºãÀñ ÜãñÌãî¶ã Ôãã½ãîãäև㊠ãäÀ¦¾ãã ½ãã. ¦ãÖãäÔãÊãªãÀ, ½ãã. „¹ããäÌã¼ããØããè¾ã ªâ¡ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ‚ãããä¥ã ãäÌããäÌã£ã Ô¦ãÀãâ¦ããèÊã ½ã㶾ãÌãÀ Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞ¾ãã „¹ããäÔ©ã¦ããè¦ã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇÆ㊽ã ÜãñÌãî¶ã Ìãã›Êããè ØãñÊããè¦ã. Øãñʾãã ¹ããÞã ¹ã¶ãÔã ÌãÓããæã Ìãã›Êããè ØãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè¦ã ¦ãñÌã¤ãè •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãÆ㥽ãã¹ã¨ãñ ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ¾ããÞã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã ÔãÖ•ã Ìã ¦ããèÖãè ãäºã¶ãŒãÞããöãñ ãä½ãßãÊããè¦ã Ìã ¦ããè ¹ãƽãã¥ããè¦ãÖãè ‡ãŠñÊããè ØãñÊããè¦ã.



‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÀãèÊã ªìÔãÀñ Ôãâ‡ãŠ›:

¹ãì¤ñ ½ãã¨ã ¹ãì¶Öã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã •ããèÌã¶ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠãßã ãäªÌãÔã „ØãÌãÊãã. ¾ãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ããèÊã 824 ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâ¶ãã ãäªÊãñʾãã ÌÖÊããèãä¡›ãè Ùãã ºããñØãÔã ‚ããÖñ¦ã Ìã ¦¾ããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠãßî ¹ã©ãÌãñ ¾ãã †•ãâ› ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ¹ããÞã ¹ããÞã ÊããŒã Á¹ã¾ãñ ÜãñîÌã¶ãÞã ãäªÊ¾ãã Øãñʾãã¦ã ‚ãÔãã ‚ããÀãñ¹ã ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ããâÌãÀÞã ÊããÌãÊãã ØãñʾããÞããè ÞãÞããà „¹ã‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÊã¾ãã¦ãî¶ã †ñ‡ãŠã¾ãÊãã ãä½ãߦãñ. ½ã¶ã Œããè¸ã Öãñ¦ãñ. ÔãÖ ‚ãã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã Ñããè. Ìã.Ôãì. ¹ãã›ãèÊã ¾ããâÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã †¹ãŠ‚ãã¾ã‚ããÀ ªãŒãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãã ØãñÊãã Ìã ãä¶ãÊãâãäºã¦ãÖãè ‡ãŠñÊãñ ØãñÊãñ. ‚ãã½ÖãÊãã ¾ãã ÍããÔããä‡ãŠ¾ã ‡ãŠã½ãã¦ã ªŒãÊã ªñ¥¾ããÞããè ØãÀ•ã ¶ããÖãè. ½ãã¨ã ‚ãã½ãÞ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ‡ãŠì¥ããÖãè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè Ôãâ¹ã¦¦ããè Öãè †‡ãŠ ÊããŒããÞ¾ãã ÜãÀã¦ã ‡ãŠñãŸñÖãè ¶ããÖãè. Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè †ñ‡ãŠñ‡ãŠ Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ÌãÔ¦ããè ãäÌã‡ãŠÊããè ¦ãÀãè ‚ãã•ãÖãè †‡ãŠãä¨ã¦ã ¹ããÞã ÊããŒã •ã½ãã Öãñ¥ãñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã ¶ããÖãè. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠•ãã¥ãñ ¾ãñ¥ãñ Ìã •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ããâÞ¾ã㠹㡦ããߥããè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã Üãñ¥ãñÖãè ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè½ãìßñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã ¶ããÖãè Ìã ¶ãÌÖ¦ãñÖãè. ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ãî¶ã ãäÍã‡ãŠÊãñÊãã ‡ãŠßâ‡ãŠãè Ÿã‡ãŠÀÌãã¡ãèÞãã ½ãã¢ãã ãäÌã²ãã©ããÃè Ñããè. ‡ãŠãßî ¹ã©ãÌãñ Öã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ½ããèÞã „¼ãã ‡ãŠñÊãã .¦¾ããÊãã ¶ããñª¥ããè‡ãŠð¦ã Ôã½ãã•ãÔãñÌããè ÔãâÜ㛶ãã Ô©ãã¹ã¶ã ‡ãŠÀã¾ãÊãã ÔããâãäØã¦ãÊãñ. ‡ãŠãßî ¹ã©ãÌãñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãè Àãºã¦ããñ. ¦¾ããÊãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããÞãã ÖÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ŸÀãäÌã¥ãñ Öñ Þãî‡ãŠ ‚ããÖñ. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãè Àãºã¥ããÀã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã‡ãŠ, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè½ã£¾ãñ ÀãÖî¶ã ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ããà Öñ •ãÀ ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ããâ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ‚ãããä¥ã ÍããÔã¶ã㠇㊡î¶ã ÌãñßãñÌãñßãè ¶ãàãÊãÌããªãè ŸÀãäÌãʾãã •ãã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ããèÊã ¦ãÀ Ûãã Êããñ‡ãŠÍããÖãè ÌãÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ãäÌãÞããÀ ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ããÌãÀ ãäÌãÍÌããÔã ŸñÌããÌãã ¦ãÀãè ‡ãŠÔãã ? ‚ãã½ãÞãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã²ãã©ããèà Öã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãè Àãºã¥ããÀã ¦ããñÞã ÖÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ŸÀãäÌãÊãã •ãã¦ãñã ? ¦ãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ØãÀãèºããè , ÖãÊãã‡ãŠãèÞ¾ãã ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè‡ãŠ¡ñ ¹ããÖî¶ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠•ã㥾ãã¾ãñ¥¾ããÞãã ŒãÞãà ¶ã‡ãŠãñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ÜãÀ¹ããñÞã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ‡ãŠãßîÞ¾ãã Öã¦ããè ªñ¥ããÀã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ¢ããñÀãù‡ã‹ÔãÞãñ ¹ãõÔãñ ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ãäŒãÔ¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ªñ¥ããÀã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè Öã Øãì¶ÖñØããÀ ŸÀ¦ããñ ? Öãè ¦ãÀ ÔÌãã¦ã⨾ã, ¹ãÆã½ãããä¥ã‡ãŠ¹ã¥ãã, ØãÀãèºããèÞããè ‚ããÔ©ãã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôã½ãã•ãÔãñÌãã ¾ããâÞããè ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãñ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ããÀãñ¹ã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾããâ Ôãâºããä£ã¦ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžãã¶ãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñÊããè ÞãñÓ›ãÞã ‚ããÖñ.

Ìãð¦¦ã¹ã¨ãã¦ãî¶ã Ìã.Ôãì.¹ãã›ÊããâÌãÀ †¹ãŠ‚ãã¾ã‚ããÀ ªãŒãÊã ‡ãŠñÊãã ØãñʾããÞããè ºãã¦ã½ããè ÜãñÌãî¶ã ¦¾ããÞã ãäªÌãÍããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñ ½ã㢾ãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ‚ããÊãñ¦ã. ÞãÞããà ¢ãã¡Êããè. ‚ãã¹ã¥ã ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ¹ãƾ㦶ããâ¶ãã ¹ãŠß ¦ãÀ ¾ãñ¦ãÞã ¶ããÖãè „Êã› ¶ã‡ãŠãñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ‚ãã¹ã¥ããÔããŸãè ‡ãŠãÖãè ÞããâØãÊãñ ‡ãŠÀã¾ãÊãã ØãñÊãñ ¦ãÀ ¨ããÔã Ôãֶ㠇ãŠÀãÌãã ÊããØã¦ãñã Öãè ¼ããÌã¶ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè½ã£ñ¾ã Á•ãî ÊããØãÊããè. ÔãâÔ©ñÞã㠂㣾ãàã ‡ãŠãßî ¹ã©ãÌãñ ¾ããââÞãñ ÔãÖ ÔãÌããöããè ŸÀãäÌãÊãñ ‡ãŠãè ‚ãã¹ã¥ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÔ¦ããèÞãã ¹ãªÀ½ããñ¡ ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ŒãÞãà ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ÔãÌãñà ‡ãŠÀãÌãã. ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ ÌãÔ¦ããèÌãÀ •ããÌãî¶ã ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠãÞãñ ¶ããÌã ¶ããâñªÌããÌãñ. ¼ãÀãÌã¾ããÞ¾ãã ãäÌããäÌã£ã ½ãããäÖ¦ããèÞãñ ¶ã½ãì¶ãñ ¦ã¾ããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñ¦ã. ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ ÌãÔ¦ããèÌãÀ ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãÃñ ¹ããŸÌãî¶ã ¼ãÁ¶ã Üãñ¥¾ããÞãñ ŸÀÊãñ. ¦¾ãã¦ã ¹ãƦñ¾ã‡ãŠ ØããÌããä¶ãÖã¾ã ‡ãŠì›îâºããÞããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããè, ÔãªÔ¾ã, •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã, ¹ã¡¦ããߥããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã, ½ã¦ãªã¶ã ‡ãŠã¡Ã, ‚ãã£ããÀ ‡ãŠã¡Ã, ‡ãŠÔããÌã¾ããÞããè •ã½ããè¶ã, ÀãÖãÌã¾ããÞãñ ÜãÀ,‡ãŠã¡Ã ‡ãÆŠ½ããâ‡ãŠãÔãÖ Ìã ÔãÌãÃñ ¶ãâºãÀÔãÖ ƒ.ƒ. ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ºããºããèÞããè ¶ããñ⪠‡ãŠÀãÌã¾ããÞããè Öãñ¦ããè. ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã ¼ãã„ÔããÖñºã ‚ãããäØãÌãÊãñ, Ôã¶ããèÀã½ã ØããÌãâ¡ñ,Ôãìãä¶ãÊã ½ã£ãñ, ãäÖÀã½ã¥ã ½ã£ãñ, ¤ÌãßãèÀã½ã ½ãñØããß, ÀÜãì¶ãã©ã ‚ãããäØãÌãÊãñ, ¶ãã¶ãã ØããÌãâ¡ñ, ÀâØã¶ãã©ã ½ãâñØããß Öñ ©ããñ¡ñ ºãÖî¦ã ãäÍã‡ãŠÊãñÊãñ Ìã ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¥ããÀñ ‚ã㟠‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦ãñ ¹ãì¤ñ ÔãÀÔããÌãÊãñ. ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ‡ãŠñÌãß ‚ãã¹ãʾãã Ôã½ãã•ããÊãã ¶¾ãã¾ã ²ããÌã¾ããÞãã ‚ããÖñ ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‚ãÖãñÀã¨ã Àãºãî¶ã ãäªÊãñÊããè ¹ãÆͶããÌãÊããè Ìã ¦¾ãã¦ããèÊã ºãããäÀ‡ãŠ ÔãããäÀ‡ãŠ ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ¶ã ‡ã⊛ãߦãã ¹ãƦ¾ãàã Œãñ¡á¿ãã¦ã •ããÌãî¶ã ªãñ¶ã ½ããäÖ¥¾ãã¦ã ¼ãÁ¶ã ‚ãã¥ãÊããè. ‡ãŠñÌãß Ôãâ‡ãŠãäÊã¦ã ½ãããäÖ¦ããèÞãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã, ºãõŸ‡ãŠ ½ããÁ¶ã ãä¶ãÓ‡ãŠÓãà ½ããâ¡¥¾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ºãã‡ãŠãè ÀãÖãèÊãñ.

¹ãì¤ñ ¾ãã Ôãâ¹ãì¥ãà ½ãããäÖ¦ããèÞãñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ œã¹ããÌãñ ‡ãŠã? ‡ãŠãè Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã ‡ãŠñªÆ ÔãìÁ ‡ãŠÀãÌãñ ? ‚ãÍããè ÞãÞããà ‚ãã¹ãÔãã¦ã ¢ã¡Êããè. ½ããè ‚ããäÊã‡ãŠ¡ñÞã ‚ããäÖÀã¥ããè ºããñÊããèÞãã Í㺪‡ãŠãñÍããÞãñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ œã¹ãÊãñ †‡ãŠ ÊããŒããÌãÀ ŒãÞãà ¢ããÊãã. ½Ö¥ã•ãñ ¹ãìÔ¦ã‡ãŠ ¹ãÀÌã¡¥ããÀñ ¶ããÖãè Öñ Êãàãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñ. Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãß ¶ããâñª¥ããè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ÔãìÁ ‡ãŠÀãÌãñ ¾ããÔããŸãè ŒãÞããÃÞããè ÞããÞã¹ã¥ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããâöããè ‡ãŠñÊããè. ¦ããñÖãè ŒãÞãà ¹ãÆÞãâ¡ ÔããâãäØã¦ãÊãã. ¶¾ãã¾ã ¦ãÀ ãä½ãßãÊãã ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ. ‚ãã¹ã¥ã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã ‚ããÖãñ¦ã? ‡ãŠìŸñ ‚ããÖãñ¦ã? ‚ãã¹ãÊããè ãäÔ©ã¦ããè ‡ãŠã¾ã ‚ããÖñ ? Öñ ¦ãÀ •ãØããÊãã ‡ãŠßÊãñÞã ¹ãããäÖ•ãñ ¦ãÀÞã ‚ãã¹ã¥ããÊãã ¶¾ãã¾ã ãä½ãߥããÀ. Öñ ÔãÌãà ¹ãÆÔ©ãããä¹ã¦ã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãñÞ¾ãã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã •ããÌãî¶ã ‡ãŠÀãÌã¾ããÞãñ!
½ã㢾ãã ‚ãã¾ãìÓ¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‡ãŠã¾ããÃÞãã ‚ãããä¥ã Ôãâ‡ãŠ›ãâÞãã ‡ãŠãß ½ãìÊãâãâè¶ããè ÊãÖã¶ã ‚ãÔã¦ããâ¶ãã, ãäÍã‡ãŠ¦ããâ¶ãã ¹ãããäÖÊãñÊãã Öãñ¦ããÞã. ‡ãŠñÔã ªãŒãÊã Öãñ¦ããÞã Àã¨ããè ºãñ Àã¨ããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔãÖÞãã ¹ãÆÌããÔã ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ¹ãããäÖÊãã Öãñ¦ãã. Ôãâ‡ãŠ› ¾ãñ¦ããÞã ‚ã㹦ã, ¹ãÆÔ¦ãããä¹ã¦ã ‡ãŠÔãñ ªîÀ •ãã¦ãã¦ã ÖñÖãè ¹ãããäÖÊãñ Öãñ¦ãñ. Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãÌãÀ ‡ãŠã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ã ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ›ã‡ãŠãÌããè, ‡ãŠìŸî¶ã ‡ãŠÍããè •ã½ãã ‡ãŠÀãÌããè Öñ ‚ããÌÖã¶ãÞã Öãñ¦ãñ. ½ã㢾ãã ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ºããâ£ãÌããâÞãã, ½ãã¢ããè ¦ãØã½ãØã ¹ããÖî¶ã ½ãã¢ããè ÊãÖã¶ã ‡ãŠ¶¾ãã •ããè ‚ãã•ã ¹ã쥾ããÊãã Ôããù¹ãŠ›Ìãñ‚ãÀ ƒâãä•ããä¶ã‚ãÀ ‚ããÖñ ¦ããè £ããÌãî¶ã ‚ããÊããè. ¦ããè¶ãñ ÔããâØããè¦ãÊãñ ŒãÞããÃÞããè ‡ãŠãß•ããè ‡ãŠÁ ¶ã‡ãŠã, ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ¦ãì½Öãè ²ãã, ½ããè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ªñ¦ãñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãß ! ‚ãã½ãÞãã •ããèÌã ¼ãâã¡á¿ãã¦ã ¹ã¡Êãã. ½ãããäÖ¦ããè •ã½ãã Öãñ¦ã ØãñÊããè. ¦ãÔã¦ãÔããè ¹ããŸãäÌã¦ã ØãñÊããñ. ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ¡ãù› ‡ãŠãù½ã Öñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãß ãäÌã‡ãŠÔããè¦ã ¢ããÊãñ. ¾ãã¦ã ½ã㢾ããÔãÖ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ìã Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãÞãñ ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀãè ½ãã¢ããè ‡ãŠ¶¾ãã ‡ãŠì. ÔÌ㹶ããÊããè Ôãî¾ãÃÌãâÍããè Ûããâ ÔãÌããÃÞãñ ¾ããñØãªã¶ã Öñ ½ããñÊããÞãñ ‚ããÖñ. ¦ããè¶ãñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ß „¼ãñ ‡ãŠñÊãñ. ½ããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããèÞãñ ãä¶ãÓ‡ãŠÓãà ‡ãŠã¤î¶ã ¦ããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããèÔãÖ ¹ãŠãñ›ãñ ÌãñßãñÌãñßãè ½ãñÊã ‡ãŠñÊãñ¦ã, ÊããØã¥ãÀãè ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ‡ãŠã¾ãÇ㊦¾ããâöããè ÌãñßãñÌãñßãè ‚ãã¥ãî¶ã ãäªÊããè. Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãß ¡ãñ½ããè¶ã¶ãñ½ã À•ããè.ÔããŸãè ¶ããñ⪥ããèÔããŸãè Ìã ãä¦ãÞ¾ãã Ô¹ãñÔã •ããØãñÔããŸãè ÊããØã¥ããÀã Ìã ƒ¦ãÀ ãä‡ãŠÀ‡ãŠãñߌãÞãÃãÞãã Ìãã›ã Öã ÔãÌãà ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâ¶ããè ÌãØãÃ¥ããè •ã½ãã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ãäªÊãã ‚ããÖñ.



àãñãä¨ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ããæããèÊã ãä¶ãÓ‡ãŠÓãà Ìã ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãèÞããè „¹ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã¦ãã:

‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã àãñãä¨ã¾ã ‡ãŠã¾ããæãî¶ã ºãÀñÞã £ã‡ã‹‡ãŠãªã¾ã‡ãŠ ãä¶ãÓ‡ãŠÓãà Öã¦ããè ¾ãñ¦ã ØãñÊãñ¦ã. ¦ãñ ÍããÔã¶ã, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã¼ããØã, ¶¾ãã¾ã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã, ‚ã¼¾ããÔã‡ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ãã ãä¶ããäÍÞã¦ãÞã „¹ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ‚ãÔãñÞã ŸÀ¦ããèÊã Öã ãäÌãÍÌããÔã Ìã㛦ããñ. ‚ã©ããæã Öñ ‚ã¼¾ããÔããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã ¶ã Ôãâ¹ã¥ããÀñ ‚ãÔãñÞã ÀãÖ¥ããÀ ‚ããÖñ.
ÔããÀãâÍã Á¹ãã¶ãñÞã ºããñÊããÌã¾ããÞãñ ½Ö›Ê¾ããÔ㠇㊸㡠¦ããÊãì‡ãŠã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ÊãÖã¶ã½ããñŸá¾ãã 21 Ìãã¡á¿ããâÞããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããè Ôãâ‡ãŠãäÊã¦ã ‡ãŠñÊããè ØãñÊããè. Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÖã Ûãã ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè¦ã ¶ããÖãè. ¾ãã ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè¦ã ‡ãŠñÌãß Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèâÞããÞã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñÊãã ‚ããÖñ. ƒ¦ãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãã ¶ããÖãè.
1] ¾ãã ØããÌããâÞããè ‡ãŠñÌãß ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãÞãñ †‡ãŠî¥ã 1543 ‡ãŠì›îâºãñ ‚ãÔãî¶ã ¦¾ãã Êããñ‡ãŠãâÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã Öãè 6708 †Ìã¤ãè ‚ããÖñ. ¦¾ãã ¹ãõ‡ãŠãè ¹ãìÁÓã Öñ 3401 ‚ãÔãî¶ã ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞããè Ôã⌾ãã Öãè 3307 †Ìã¤ãè ‚ããÖñ. ‡ãŠãÖãè ØããâÌãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÔ¨ã¾ããâÞããè Ôã⌾ãã Öãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ãìÁÓããâÖî¶ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠÞããè ‚ãã¤ß¦ãñ. ½Ö¥ã•ãñ Ôãì£ãããäÀ¦ã Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ããèÊã ¼ãÆì¥ãÖ¦¦ãñÞããè ‡ãŠãè¡ ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ôã½ãã•ãã¦ã ÊããØãÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè.
2] ÌãØãà 1 ¦ãñ 5 ãäÍã‡ãŠ¥ããÀãè ½ãìÊãñ Öãè 1082 ‚ãÔãî¶ã ½ãìÊããè 1006 ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ÌãØãà ÔãÖã ¦ãñ ªÖã ¹ã¾ãæã283 ½ãìÊãñ ¦ãÀ 145 ½ãìÊããè ãäÍãàã¥ã Üãñ¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦ãÀ „ÞÞã ½ã㣾ããä½ã‡ãŠ Ô¦ãÀãÌãÀ ‡ãŠñÌãß 72 ½ãìÊãñ Ìã 9 ½ãìÊããè ãäÍã‡ãŠ¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. 5 Öñ ¹ãªÌããè ¹ããäÀàãñÊãã ¦ãÀ 15 Öñ ¦ããâãä¨ã‡ãŠ ãäÍãàã¥ãã¦ã Øãìâ¦ãÊãñÊãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ØãߦããèÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã Íããßã Ôããñ¡ÊãñÊãñ ¹ãÆã©ããä½ã‡ãŠ Ô¦ãÀãÌãÀ 738 ãäÌã²ãã©ããèà ¦ãÀ ½ã㣾ããä½ã‡ãŠ Ô¦ãÀãÌãÀ 394 ãäÌã²ãã©ããèà ‚ããÖñ¦ã.
3] „¹ãÀãñ‡ã‹¦ã 21 Ìãã¡á¿ããâ¦ããèÊã 6708 †Ì㤾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñ¹ãõ‡ãŠãè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‚ãÔãʾããÞãñ •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ‡ãŠñÌãß 22 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ 1,520 Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñÞã ‚ããÖñ. ¦¾ãã¦ãÖãè Œãìʦããºã㪠¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ãä¶ãÀØãì¡ãè ¾ãñ©ããèÊã 880 Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñ¹ãõ‡ãŠãè ‚ã£¾ããà Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ 414 Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñ •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ãä¶ãÀØãì¡ãè Öñ Ìãõ•ãã¹ãîÀÞ¾ãã †Ôã¡ã膽ãÞ¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ àãñ¨ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ããÖñ. ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠ¸ã¡, Ôããñ¾ãØããâÌã, ãäÔãÊÊããñ¡ Öãè ¡ãâñØãÀã¦ããèÊã ØããÌãñ ãäÔãÊÊããñ¡Þ¾ãã †Ôã¡ã膽ãÞ¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀ àãñ¨ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãã¦ã. „¹ãÀãñ‡ã‹¦ã 1,520 •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã •ãñ Öãè ‡ãŠñÌãß 22 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñÞã ‚ããÖñ ¦¾ãã ¹ãñõ‡ãŠãèÖãè ‡ãŠñÌãß 786 •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ããâÞããè ¹ã¡¦ããߥããè (ÌÖÊããè¡ãè›ãè)¢ããÊãñÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ©ãñ㡇㋾ãã¦ã ‡ãŠ¸ã¡ ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‡ãŠñÌãß ãäÌãÔã ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâ‡ãŠ¡ñÞã •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã. 80 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè •ãã¦ã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ¶ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ÍããÔã¶ããÞ¾ãã ÔãÌãÃÞã Ôããñ¾ããè ÔãìãäÌã£ãã ¹ããÔãî¶ã ÌãâãäÞã¦ã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦¾ããÞãñÔããŸãèÞãã ãä¶ããä£ãÖãè ãä½ãߥããÀ ¶ããÖãè Ìã ŒãÞããèà ¹ã¡î Íã‡ãŠ¦ã ¶ããÖãè.
4] 21 Ìãã¡á¿ããâ¦ããèÊã 6708 †Ì㤾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñ¦ã 1543 ‡ãŠì›îâºãñ ‚ãÔãÊããè ¦ãÀãè ¶ãÌãÀã ºãã¾ã‡ãŠãñ ãä½ãßî¶ã ½ã¦ãªãÀ Öñ ‡ãŠñÌãß 2093 †Ìã¤ñÞã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ºãã‡ãŠãè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñ ½ã¦ãªã¶ã ‡ãŠã¡Ã ¶ããÖãè. ¦ãÀ ÔãÌãà ¾ããñ•ã¶ããâÔããŸãè ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ‚ãÔã¥ããÀñ Ìã Ôã‡ã‹¦ããèÞãñ Öã„Š ¹ããÖ¥ããÀñ ‚ãã£ããÀ ‡ãŠã¡Ã Öãèñ ‡ãŠñÌãß 2503 Êããñ‡ãŠãâ‡ãŠ¡ñÞã ‚ããÖñ.
‚ãã•ã¹ã¾ãæ㠾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ Öãè ãäªÊããèÞã •ãã¦ã ¶ãÌÖ¦ããè. ‚ãã¦ãã ¦ããè ²ããÌã¾ããÞããè ŸÀãäÌãÊããè ¦ãÀãè 80 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Êããñ‡ãŠãâ¶ãã ¦ããè ²ããÌã¾ããÞããè ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦¾ããÔããŸãè ÍããÔã¶ããÊãã Ìã ¶¾ãã¾ã ̾ãÌãÔ©ñãÊãã Ôãàã½ã ¾ãâ¨ã¥ãã „¼ããÀãÌããè ÊããØãñÊã.
¾ãã ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè Ôããñºã¦ã ½ãÖãÀãÓ›È ÍããÔã¶ããÞããè ÌãããäÓãÇ㊠‚ãããäªÌããÔããè „¹ã¾ããñ•ã¶ãã 2010 - 2011 Þããè ãäÌããäÌã£ã ¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠñ¦ããèÊã Ôãã⌾ã‡ãŠãè¾ã ½ãããäÖ¦ããè ¡ãñßá¿ãã ŒããÊãî¶ã Üãã¦ãÊããè ¦ãÀ ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÀ ¶ããñ‡ãŠÀÍããÖãè½ãìßñ Ìã Þãì‡ãŠãèÞ¾ãã ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè ½ãìßñ ‡ãŠñÌã¤ã ‚㶾ãã¾ã Öãñ¦ããñ ‚ããÖñ Öñ Þ㛇㊶ã Êãàãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãñ.
¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠã 36,¹ãã¶ã 490 ÌãÀãèÊã ‚ããä¦ãªìØãý㠼ããØãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¾ãã Ôã—ãñ¦ã ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã àãñ¨ã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè. ½ãã¨ã ¹ãƦ¾ãàãã¦ã ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Öñ ƒ¦ãÀ ¼ããØãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¹ãƽãã¥ãñÞã ‚ããä¦ãªìØãý㠼ããØãã¦ãÞã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. (•ãßØããâÌã, Üãìßñ, ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß, ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¹ãÖã) .
¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠã 29 ,¹ãã¶ã 484 ÌãÀ £ãìßñ, •ãßØããâÌã ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀã¦ããèÊã ªããäÀªÆ ÀñÓãñŒããÊããèÊã ‡ãŠì›îâºãñ ‚ããÖñ¦ã ½ãã¨ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÖá¾ããÞããè ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè ¶ããÖãè. ½ãã¨ã ¹ãã¶ã 485 ÌãÀ ãä¡‚ããÀ¡ãè ÔãÌãñöãìÔããÀ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠Ìã •ããÊã¶ãã ãä•ãÊÖã ãä½ãßî¶ã ‚ã¶ãìÔãîãäÞã¦ã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞããè †‡ãŠî¥ã ‡ãŠì›îâºãñ Öãè 13,324 ãäªÊããè ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦¾ãã¹ãñ‡ã‹ãè 7,003 Öñ ªããäÀªÆ ÀñÓãñŒããÊããè ¾ãñ¦ãã¦ã ¦ãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ã Öñ 52% ‚ããÖñ ¦ãÀ ÖñÞã ¹ãƽãã¥ã •ãßØããâÌã , £ìãßñ ¶ããØã¹ãîÀ ¾ãñ©ãñ 69%,72% Ìã 82% ‚ããÖñ ½Ö¥ã•ãñ •ãñ©ãñ „¦¹ã¸ããÞããè Ôãã£ã¶ãñ,Ô¨ããñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè¦ã ‚ãÍãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÖá¾ãã¦ã ªããäÀªÆá¿ããÞãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ãÖãè ‡ãŠ½ããèÞã ‚ããÖñ. ‚ããõÀâØããºããªÞãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Öã •ãßØããâÌãÖî¶ã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ Ñããè½ãâ¦ã ‚ããÖñ. ÛããÞãã ‚ã©ãà ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛããÊãã ¦ãÍããè ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀãè , ¶ããñâªãäÌã¥ããÀãè ½ãÍã¶ãÀãè ¶ããÖãè †Ìã¤ãÞã ãä¶ãÜã¦ããñ.
¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠã 44 ¹ãã¶ã 505 ¶ãìÔããÀ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè ¦ãìÊã¶ãã ‡ãŠñÌãß ½ãìâºãƒÃ „¹ã¶ãØãÀãÍããèÞã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãã ¾ãñ¦ãñ. ‡ãŠãÀ¥ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà ½ãÖãÀãÓ›Èã¦ããèÊã ÖñÞã ªãñ¶ã ¹ããäÀÔãÀ ‡ãŠñÌãß Öñ ã䛆Ôã¹ããè,‚ãñã䛆Ôã¹ããè, ½ãã¡ã, ãä½ã¶ããè½ãã¡ã àãñ¨ãã¦ã ãä¶ã¾ã½ããâ¶ãìÔããÀ ºãÔã¦ã ¶ããÖãè¦ã. ‚ããõÀâØããºããª, •ããÊã¶ãã, ºããè¡, „Ô½ã¶ããºããª, Êãã¦ãîÀ, ¾ãã ¹ããäÀÔãÀãÞããè ÍããÔã¶ãã¶ãìÔããÀ 2001 Þããè ÔãÌãà ¹ãƇãŠãÀÞ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã Öãè 2,32,405 ‚ããÖñ. ÍããÔã¶ããÞ¾ãã £ããñÀ¥ãã¶ãìÔããÀ „¹ãÀãñ‡ã‹¦ã ã䛆Ôã¹ããè,‚ãñã䛆Ôã¹ããè, ½ãã¡ã, ãä½ã¶ããè½ãã¡ã àãñ¨ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¥ããžããÔããŸãè ÌãñØãßá¿ã㠹㮦ããè¶ãñ ãä¶ã£ããè „¹ãÊ㺣㠇ãŠÁ¶ã ãäªÊãã •ãã¦ããñ. †‡ãŠ›á¿ãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ããèÊã ÍããÔã¶ããÞ¾ãã Øã¥ã¶ãñ ¶ãìÔããÀ 1,00,416 ÔãÌãà ¹ãƇãŠãÀÞ¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãè •ããñ ãä¶ã£ããè ãä½ãߦããñ ¦ããñ ªÀ¡ãñƒÃ ‡ãŠñÌãß ÌãããäÓãÇ㊠600 Á¹ã¾ãã ¹ã¾ãæã ãä½ãߦãñã. ¦ããñÖãè ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã¹ã¶ããÌãÀÞã ŒãÞãà Öãñ¦ããñ. ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÌãÀ ŒãÞãà ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞããè ÌãñßÞã ¾ãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè.
¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠã 6 ¹ãã¶ã 434 ¦ãñ 444 ÌãÀãèÊã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÖã ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ìã ƒ¦ãÀ Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã ãäªÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ¦¾ãã¦ã ‡ãŠ¸ã¡ ¦ããÊãì‡ã‹¾ãã¦ããèÊã ¹ããÀ£ããè, ãä¼ãÊÊã, ‡ãŠãñßãè, Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Öñ ÔãÌãà Øã¥ãÊãñ ØãñÊãñÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãä½ãßî¶ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã Öãè 17220 ãäªÊããè ‚ããÖñ. 21 Ìãã¡á¿ãâãÞ¾ãã ¶ãã½ããä¶ãªñÃÍãã ¶ãìÔããÀ ‡ãŠñÊãñʾãã ÔãÌãñÃàã¥ãã¦ã ‡ãŠñÌãß Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Öñ 6,708 ‚ããÖñ¦ã.
¾ããÞã ¦ãããäÊã‡ãŠñÌãÁ¶ã Êãàãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ãñ ‡ãŠãè ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠, ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè, ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß, •ãßØããâÌã ¾ãã ÞããÀÖãè ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ããèÊã †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã Ìã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã Ìã †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñÍããè ¦ããèÞãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ã Öãè ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè ãä¶ããä£ã ªñ¦ããâ¶ãã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããè ¹ãŠÔãÌããè ŸÀ¦ãñ. ¦ããè ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñÌããÀãè ‚ã¶ãì‡ãÆŠ½ãñ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠3.47, ‚ã½ãÀãÌã¦ããè 13.66, ¾ãÌã¦ã½ããß 19.25 ‚ãããä¥ã •ãßØããâÌã 11.84 ‚ããÖñ. ¦ãì½Öãè •ãÀ †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ããÍããè ‚ãÔãÊãñÊããè ‚ãããäªÌãããèÞ¾ãã ‚ã‡ã‹‡ãŠñÌããÀãèÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¶ãìÔããÀÞã ‚ããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã ãä¶ã£ããè ªñ¥ããÀ ‚ãÔããÊã ¦ãÀ ¦ãÀ ÔãÌããæ㠕ããԦ㠂㶾ãã¾ã Öã ã䛆Ôã¹ããè,‚ãñã䛆Ôã¹ããè, ½ãã¡ã, ãä½ã¶ããè½ãã¡ã àãñ¨ãã¦ã ¶ã ½ããñ¡¥ããžãã ¾ãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãäÌã¼ããØããÌãÀ Öãñ¦ããñ. ‚ãããäÍã¾ãã Œãâ¡ã¦ã ÌãñØãã¶ãñ Ìã㤥ããžãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ÍãÖÀãÞ¾ãã ¾ãã †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔãâ⌾ãñÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ããÌãÀ ‚ãã£ããÀÊãñʾãã ÌãÀ ¾ãã ªìØãý㠼ããØãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãñ ¼ããäÌã¦ã̾㠇ãŠã ãäÌãÔãâºãî¶ã ŸñÌã¦ãã?
¦ããèÞã ºããºã ÔããàãÀ¦ãñÞããè, ¦ããèÖãè ‚ãã‡ãŠ¡ñÌããÀãè ¹ãŠÔãÌããèÞã ‚ããÖñ. •ãßØããâÌã ãä•ãÊÛããÞãã ãäŒãÔãñ‡ãŠã¹ãîÖãè Öã ½ãÀãŸÌãã¡á¿ãÞ¾ãã ãäŒãÔãñ‡ãŠã¹ãî ¹ãñàãã •ããԦ㠦ãÀºãñ•ã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ Öñ ÔãÌãà ½ã㶾㠂ãÔã¦ããâ¶ãã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ÔããàãÀ¦ãñÞãñ ¹ãÆã½ã¥ã Öñ •ãßØããâÌã ãä•ãÊÛããÖî¶ã ‚ããä£ã ªãŒããäÌãÊãñ ‚ããÖñ. ¹ãã¶ã 465, 464,462 ¦ããÊããä‡ãŠã 15, 16,17 ¹ãÖã. ÔããàãÀ¦ãñÞãñ ¹ãÆã½ã¥ã •ãßØããâÌãÞãñ 52 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ¦ãÀ ‚ããõÀâØããºããªÞãñ 54 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ¦ãÀ •ããÊ㥾ããÞãñ 55 ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ªãŒããäÌãÊãñ ‚ããÖñ.
À㕾ããÞããè ‚ã¶ãìÔãîãäÞã¦ã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã ¹ãã¶ã 497 ÌãÀãèÊã ¦ã‡ã‹¦ãã ‡ãŠ. 43 ÌãÀ ãäªÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ¹ãã¶ã 509 ÌãÀãèÊã ¹ããäÀãäÍãÓ› 2 ½ã£¾ãñ ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ã ãä¼ãÊÊã, ‡ãŠãñßãè, ½ãÖãªñÌã ‡ãŠãñßãè, ½ãÊÖãÀ ÛããÞã •ã½ãã¦ããè ªãŒããäÌãʾãã ‚ããÖñ¦ã. ¦¾ãã¦ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞãã Ôã½ããÌãñÍã ¶ããÖãèÞã. ãä¼ãÊÊã ‚ãããä¥ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ¾ãã ªãñ¶ã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞããè ½ãÖãÀãÓ›ÈãÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãã 1981, 1991 Ìã 2001 ÔããÊãÞããè ãäªÊããè ‚ããÖñ. ¦ããè ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠•ã¶ãÔã⌾ãã Öãè Ôããñ¡î¶ãÞã ‚ããÖñ. ½ãã¨ã ¹ãƦ¾ãàãã¦ã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãä•ãÊÛãã¦ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ‚ããÖñ¦ã .
©ããñ¡‡ã‹¾ãã¦ã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÔããŸãèÞ¾ãã ¾ããñ•ã¶ãã ÀãºããäÌã¦ããâ¶ãã ãä•ãÊÖá¾ããÞ¾ãã ãä‡ãŠÌãã À㕾ããÞ¾ãã †‡ãŠî¥ã Êããñ‡ãŠÔãâŒãñÞ¾ãã ¹ãƽãã¥ãã¦ã ‚ãÔãÊãñÊããè ‚ãããäªÌããÔããâèÞããè Êããñ‡ãŠÔã⌾ãñÞããè ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñÌããÀãè Øãðä֦㠶㠣ãÀ¦ãã ¹ãƦ¾ãàã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè Ôã⌾ãã Ìã ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ªÀ¡ãñƒÃ ãä½ãߥããÀã ãä¶ã£ããèÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ‚ããÖñ. ¦ãÀÞã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãã „¦‡ãŠÓãà Ôãã£ã¦ãã ¾ãñ¥ããÀ ‚ããÖñ. ÖãèÞã ºããºã ‚ããõÀâØããºã㪠ãäÌÖ•ã¶ã ›áÌãñ¶›ãè ›áÌãñ¶›ãèÞ¾ãã ºãõŸ‡ãŠãè¦ãÖãè ½ãã¢ãñ‡ãŠ¡î¶ã ½ãìªáªã½ã ÞãÞããèÃÊããè Öãñ¦ããè.



फोटोज

„¹ã¾ããñØããè¦ãã :

¾ãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ¡ãù› ‡ãŠãù½ã Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãßã½ãìßñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãñ ¹ãÆͶã Ôã웦ããèÊã ‚ãÔããÖãè ¼ããØã ¶ããÖãè. •ãñ ¹ãÆͶ㠹ãÌããöãìÌãÓãñà ¦ãÍããèÞã ãä¼ã•ã¦ã ¹ã¡ÊãñÊããè ‚ããÖñ¦ã Ìã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ºãªÊãÊãã ‡ãŠãè ¹ãì¶Öã ÔãìÀÌãã¦ããè ¹ããÔãî¶ã ½ããâ¡¥ããè ‡ãŠÀãÌããè ÊããØã¦ãñ. Øãñʾãã ¹ãâÞããäÌãÔã ¦ããèÔã ÌãÓããæ㠪Öã¹ãâ£ãÀã †Ôã¡ã膽㠺ãªÊãî¶ã ØãñÊãñ¦ã. ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠã¶ãñ •ãã¦ããèÞãã ªãŒãÊãã ÖÌãã ¦ãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞãã ¹ããñÓããŒã, ºããñÊããè, ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ããè, ªñÌãªñÌã¦ãã, ‚ã㡶ããÌãñ, ¶ãã¦ãñ Ôãâºãâ£ã ¾ããâÞãã ‚ãÖÌããÊã ¹ããŸÌãã ‚ãÔããÞã ‚ããªñÍã ãäªÊãã ‚ãã•ãÌãÀ ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠãÊãã ¦ãÊããŸá¿ãã¶ãñ ãäÊãÖî¶ã ¹ããŸãäÌãÊãã ¦ãÀãè Ö•ããÀãñ ¹ãŠãƒÃÊÔãÌãã ‚ãã•ãÖãè ãä¶ã¥ãþ㠢ããÊãñÊãã ¶ããÖãè. ‡ãŠãÀ¥ãñ ªãŒãÌãî¶ã ¦ããè ¹ãÀ¦ãÖãè ‡ãŠñÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè¦ã ãä‡ãŠâÌãã ¶ãã‡ãŠãÀÊãñÊããèÖãè ¶ããÖãè¦ã. ½ãã¨ã ‚ã•ãî¶ãÖãè ‚ãñâÍããè ›‡ã‹‡ãŠñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè¶ãã •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ¶ããÖãè¦ã. ØããÌã, ¹ããñÓããŒã, ºããñÊããè, ªñÌãªñÌãã¦ãã, ‡ãŠì›îâºãã¦ããèÊã ÔãªÔ¾ã,ƒ.ƒ. ½ãããäÖ¦ããè Ö̾ãã ¦¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããÊãã Ö̾ãã ¦¾ãã Ìãñßãè ¾ãã Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãßãÌãÁ¶ã „¹ãÊ㺣ã ÖãñƒÃÊã. ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ Ìãã¡ãè ÌãÔ¦ããèÌãÀãèÊã ¹ãâ£ãÀã ÌããèÔã ½ããñºããƒÃÊã ‡ãÆŠ½ããâ‡ãŠÖãè Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãÌãÀ ‚ããÖñ¦ãÞã. ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ããÖãè Ìãã¡ãèÍããè Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ Ôãã£ã¥ãñ Ìã Ô㦾ããÔ㦾㠹㡦ããߥãñ ‡ãŠì¥ããÊããÖãè Íã‡ã‹¾ã ÖãñƒÃÊã. †Ìã¤ñÞã ¶ããÖãè ¦ãÀ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Ôã½ãã•ã ªìºãÃÊã Ü㛇㊠ãäÌã‡ãŠãÔã ÔãâÔ©ñãÞãã Ìã ‡ãŠã¾ãÇãŠãÀ¥ããèÞãã ¶ããÌã Ì㠹㦦ãã Ìã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ Öãè ãäªÊãã ‚ããÖñ.
‡ãŠì¥ããÖãè ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããèÊãã ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ªñ¦ããâ¶ãã ¦ããñ •¾ãã Ìãã¡ãèÞãã ‚ããÖñ ¦ãñ©ããèÊã Êããñ‡ãŠãâÍããè ¹ãƦ¾ãàã Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ Ôãã£ãî¶ã ¹ã¡¦ããߥããèÖãè ‡ãŠÁ¶ã Üãñ¦ãã ¾ãñ¾ãããèÊã. ÍãñÌã›ãè •ããñ¡Êãñʾãã ãä¹ã¡ã膹㊠¹ãŠãƒÃÊã ½ãìßñ ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ãã ‡ãŠì›îâºãã¦ã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ ãäªÊããè ØãñÊããè¦ã Ìã ãä‡ãŠ¦ããè •ã¥ããâ¶ãã ‚ã•ãî¶ãÖãè ¦ãñ ãäªÊãñÊããè ¶ããÖãè¦ã Öñ Êãàãã¦ã ¾ãñ¾ããèÊã. ÍããÔã¶ããÊããÖãè ½ã¦ãªã¶ã‡ãŠã¡Ã, •ãã¦ããèÞããè ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ãñ, ‚ãã£ããÀ ‡ãŠã¡Ã ‡ãŠì¥ããÊãã ãä½ãßãÊããè ¶ããÖãè¦ã Öñ Íããñ£ã¥ãñÖãè Ôããñ¹ãñ •ããƒÃÊã. †Œãã²ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããÌãÀ Þãì‡ãŠãèÞãñ Ìãã ºããñØãÔã •ãã¦ããèÞãñ ¹ãƽãã¥ã¹ã¨ã ãäªÊãñ ‚ãÔãã ‚ããÀãñ¹ã ÊããÌãÊãã ØãñÊãã ¦ãÀãè ¦¾ãã ØããâÌããÞããè ‡ãŠì›îâºã ¹ãƽãìŒããâÞããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããè Ìã ØããâÌããâÞããè ½ãããäÖ¦ããè Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãÌãÀ „¹ãÊ㺣㠂ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ãäºã¶ãºãì¡ãÞãñ ‚ããÀãñ¹ã ÊããÌã¥ãñ Íã‡ã‹¾ã Öãñ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè Ìã ¦¾ãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãžããÞããè ‡ãŠã¾ã²ããÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠÞãã›á¿ãã¦ãî¶ã ÊãÌã‡ãŠÀ Ôã웇ãŠãÖãè ÖãñƒÃÊã. ¶¾ãã¾ã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãã Ìã ¹ããñÊããèÔã Œã㦾ããÊããÖãè ØããÌããâÞããè Ìã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ãâãèÞ¾ãã ¶ããâÌãã âÞããè ƒ¦ãâ¼ãî¦ã ½ãããäÖ¦ããè „¹ãÊ㺣ã ÖãÌãî Íã‡ãŠñÊã.
¾ãã Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãâ½ãîßñ ãä¶ãÌã¡¥ãî‡ãŠ Êã¤ãäÌã¥ããÀñ , Ôã½ãã•ã‡ãŠã¾ãà ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ, Ìãã Êããñ‡ãŠ¹ãÆãä¦ããä¶ã£ããè ¾ããâ¶ãã ½ã¦ãªãÀãâ¹ã¾ãæ㠹ããñÞã¥ãñ Ôããñ¹ãñ •ããƒÃÊã. Ìã¶ããõÓã£ããèÞãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ ‚ãããä¥ã Ìã¶ããõÓã£ããâèÞãã „¹ãÞããÀ Üãñ„Š ƒãäÞœ¥ããÀñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ØããÌããâ¶ãìÔããÀ ¾ããñؾ㠦¾ãã Ìãõªî‡ãŠ¡ñ - ¼ãØã¦ã‡ãŠ¡ñ - Ôãâ¹ã‡ãŠÃ ‡ãŠÀ¥ãñÔããñ¹ãñ •ããƒÃÊã.
•ãØã¼ãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãã ãäÌãÍãñÓã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ, ¦¾ããâÞããè ºããñÊããè, ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ããè ¾ããâÞãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ ¾ããâ¶ãã ¾ãã Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãßãÞããÖãè ¹ãìÀñ¹ãìÀ „¹ã¾ããñØã ÖãñƒÃÊã.
‚ãÍãã ¹ãƇãŠãÀñ ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞ¾ãã Ôã½ãÔ¾ãã Ôããñ¡ãäÌ㥾ããÔããŸãè, ÍããÔã¶ã, ¶¾ãã¾ã̾ãÌãÔ©ãã, ‚ãããäªÌããÔããè ãäÌã¼ããØããÞãñ ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠãÀãè ¾ããâÞãñ ÔããŸãè Öñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ãÔ©ãß ªìÌãã ŸÀãÌãñ, •ãØã¼ãÀã¦ããèÊã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞãã, Ôã½ãã•ããÞãã, ºããñÊããèÞãã , ÔãâÔ‡ãŠð¦ããèÞãã ‚ã¼¾ããÔã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀñ ‚ã¼¾ããÔã‡ãŠ ¾ããâ¶ãã Öñ Ôãâ‡ãŠñ¦ã Ô©ãß „¹ã¾ãì‡ã‹¦ã ŸÀãÌãñ Öãè ‚ã¹ãñàãã.

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