Aaiwasi Thakar

Image 1 सामाजिक,आर्थिक

Àã•ã‡ãŠãè¾ã •ããèÌã¶ã •ãã¦ã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ãä‡ãâŠÌãã •ã½ãã¦ã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã

¹ãÆÔ¦ãããäÌã‡ãŠ :

ãäÔ©ãÀ ‚ã©ãÌã㠼㛇ãŠã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦ããÖãè Ôã½ãã•ã ‚ãÔããñ ¦¾ãã¦ã ãä¶ã½ããå㠢ããÊãñʾãã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ, £ãããä½ãÇ㊠Ìãã À㕾ãÔãâÔ©ãã Ûãã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã ØãÀ•ãã ‚ãããä¥ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ããñÌã¦ããÊãÞããè ¹ããäÀãäÔ©ã¦ããè ¹ããÖî¶ã ÔÌã¦ã:Þ¾ãã ‚ããäÔ¦ã¦ÌããÔããŸãè Êã¤ã ªñ¥¾ããÔ¦ãÌã „¼¾ãã ÀãÖã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã. ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ›ãñß¿ããâÍããè Ìãã ƒ¦ãÀ Ôã½ãã•ããÍããè †‡ãŠãä¨ã¦ã¹ã¥ãñ Ôãã½ã¶ãã ‡ãŠÀ¥¾ããÞ¾ãã Ìã ‚ãã¹ãÊãã Ôã½ãã•ã ÔãìÔãî¨ã¹ã¥ãñ ã䛇ãŠãäÌ㥾ããÞ¾ãã ¼ããÌã¶ãñ¦ãî¶ã ÔãîÔãâÜãã䛦ã ÖãñÌãî¶ã ¾ãã Ôãã½ãããä•ã‡ãŠ ÔãâÔ©ããÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ‚ã¹ããäÀÖã¾ãà ŸÀ¦ãñ. ‚ãÍããÌãñßãè Ôã½ãã•ãã¶ãñ ÔãâÜãã䛦ã¹ã¥ãñ ܾããÌã¾ããÞãñ ãä¶ã¥ãþã Öñ Ìã¾ããñÌãð®, ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌããè ½ãâ¡ßãè ¾ããâ¶ããè ܾããÌã¾ããÞãñ ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã. ¦¾ãã¦ãî¶ãÞã •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞããè ãä¶ããä½ãæããè ¢ããÊããè. ¦ããèÊããÞãã ‚ãããäªÌããÔããèÞããè •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ½Ö¥ã¦ãã¦ã. Ôã½ãã•ãÍããÔ¨ãã¦ã ‡ãŠãÖãè ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè •ã½ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‚ãÔãã Í㺪¹ãƾããñØã ‡ãŠñÊãã •ãã¦ããñ.


Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã:

Ÿã‡ãŠÀ Ôã½ãã•ã Öã ‚ãÔã⌾㠂ãÍãã Ìãã¡¿ãã, ÌãÔ¦¾ãã Ìã ¹ãã¡¿ããâ½ã£¾ãñ ãäÌã¼ããØãÊãñÊãã ‚ããÖñ. ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ ‡ã슛ìâºãñ Öãè ¡ãòØãÀ‡ãŠ¡ñÊãã †‡ãŠ›ñ Ìãã ªãñ¶ã ‡ã슛ìâºããÔãÖ ÀãÖ¦ããâ¶ãã ‚ãã¤ß¦ãã¦ã. ¦ãÀ ‡ãŠãÖãè ã䟇ãŠã¥ããè ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ÜãÀñ †‡ãŠ¨ããè¦ã ¾ãñÌãî¶ã ¦¾ããÊãã ØããÌããÞãñ ÔÌãÁ¹ã ‚ããÊãñÊãñ ‚ãã¤ß¦ãñ. ¦¾ãã½ãìßñ •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè Ûãã •ãñ©ãñ ØããÌãÁ¹ãã¦ã Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè ÌãÔ¦ããè ‚ããÖñ ¦ãñ©ãñ •ããԦ㠹ãƼããÌããè Ìã㛦ãñ. ƒ¦ãÀ ‡ã슛ìâºãñ •ãÌãßÞ¾ãã Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ÌãÔ¦ããèÞ¾ãã •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞãã ¼ããØã ºã¶ã¦ãã¦ã.¾ãã ØãâÆ©ãã¦ã •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã,•ã½ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ãä‡ãâŠÌãã •ãã¦ã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã Öã Í㺪 †‡ãŠÞã ‚ã©ããöãñ Ìãã¹ãÀÊãã ‚ãÔãî¶ã ÔãÌãèã Íã‡ã‹¾ã¦ããñ •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‚ãÔãã Í㺪 Ìãã¹ãÊãã ‚ããÖñ.
Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞãã ‚ãã¹ãʾãã •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÌãÀ ‚ãããä¥ã ãä¦ãÞ¾ãã ‡ãŠãÀ¼ããÀãÌãÀ Ò¤ ãäÌãÍÌããÔã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ØããÌããÞãã ¹ãƽãìŒã Öã ½ãìãäŒã¾ãã ãä‡ãâŠÌãã ½ãñ¤¿ãã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ØããÌã ¹ãƽãìŒããÞãã Í㺪 ƒ¦ãÀ Ÿã‡ãŠÀ ¹ããߦãã¦ã. •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè¦ã ÔãÌãà ÔãªÔ¾ã ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÞã •ãã¦ããè¦ããèÊã Ìã¾ããñÌãð® Ìã ÔÌã¼ããÌãã¶ãñ Ôã½ãâ•ãÔã ‚ãÍãã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããè ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã. ÔãÌãà ÔãªÔ¾ã Öñ ¦¾ããâÞ¾ããÞã •ãã¦ããè¦ããèÊã ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ •ãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã Á¤ãè, ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã, ãäÀÌãã•ã Öñ ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ƒ¦ãÀãâ¹ãñàãã ‚ããä£ã‡ãŠ —ãã¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã. ‚ãã¹ãʾãã •ãã¦ããèÞããè •ãã¦ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‚ãã¹ãʾããÌãÀ ‡ãŠ£ããèÖãè ‚ã¶¾ãã¾ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè ‚ãÍããè ¦¾ããâÞããè Œãã¨ããè ‚ãÔã¦ãñ.
Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞããè •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã Öãè ¶¾ãã¾ã ̾ãÌãÔ©ãñÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¹ãÆã½ã쌾ãã¶ãñ ¹ããÀ ¹ã㡦ãñ. ¦ãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãà ¹ããÀ ¹ãã¡ãè¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ããâ¶ãã ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã, Ôãã½ã㶾ã—ãã¶ã, Ôãã½ã㶾ã ãäÌãÍÌããÔã Ìã ‚ãã¹ãʾãã •ãããä¦ã ãäÌãÓã¾ããèÞãã ãä•ãÌÖãßã Ûãã ØããñÓ›ãè ‚ãã£ããÀ¼ãî¦ã ½ãã¶ã¦ãã¦ã. Öãè •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã †‡ãŠãÞã •ãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã ½Ö¥ã•ãñ Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ããÞã Ôã½ãìªã¾ããÔããŸãè ‚ãÔãʾãã¶ãñ ¦¾ããâÞããè ¼ããÓãã, ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã, ãäÌãÍÌããÔã, •ããèÌã¶ã½ãîʾãñ Öãè Ôã½ãã¶ã Ìã †‡ãŠ ‚ãÔã¦ãã¦ã.


Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ¾ãã •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞããè ãäÌããäÌã£ã Á¹ãñ ‚ãã¤ß¦ãã¦ã. ØããâÌã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã, Ôã½ãã•ã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã Ìã ½ããñŸãè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã Öãè ¦ããè Á¹ãñ Öãñ¦ã:

ØããÌã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè¦ã ØããÌããÞãã ¹ãƽãìŒã ½ãìŒããè¾ãã ÖãÞã ¹ãƽãìŒã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ØããÌã¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞãã, ØããÌããÞãã ¹ãƽãìŒã Öã ÖìÍããÀ, Þãã¥ããàã ‚ãããä¥ã ‚ãã¹ãʾãã Á¤ãè, ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã, ãäÀÌãã•ã ¾ããâÞãñ —ãã¶ã ‚ãÔã¥ããÀã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ¾ãã ØããÌã ¹ãƽãìŒããâÞããè ‚ããõ¹ãÞãããäÀ‡ãŠ ‚ãÍããè ãä¶ãÌã¡ Öãñ¦ã ¶ããÖãè. ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã ÔãÌããÄÍããè ÔãÊããñŒ¾ããÞãñ Ôãâºãâ£ã ‚ãÔã¥ããžãã, ÖìÍããÀ, Ìã¾ããñÌãð® ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããèÞãã ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠ•ã¥ã ÔãÊããñŒ¾ããÞãñ Ìãñßãè ÔãÊÊãã Üãñ¦ããñ. ¹ãƦ¾ãñ‡ãŠÌãñßãè ºããÖñÀÞ¾ãã •ãããä¦ã¦ããèÊã ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããè Ìãã ºããÖñÀ ØããÌããÖî¶ã ‡ã슥ããè ‚ããʾããÔã ¦¾ããÊãã Ôãã½ããñÀñ •ãã¥ããÀã Öã ½ãñ¤¿ãã Ìãã ½ãìãäŒã¾ããÞã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ¦¾ããÞãã ‚ãããä©ãÇ㊠ª•ããà ‡ãŠãÖãèÖãè ‚ãÔããñ ½ãã¨ã Ôãâ¹ãî¥ãà Ôã½ãã•ã ¦¾ããÊãã ½ãã¶ã¦ããñ. ¦ããñ ƒ¦ãÀ ÔãÌããĶãã ÜãñÌãî¶ã ÞããÊã¥ããÀã Ìã Ôã½ãã•ã ÔãìÔãâÜã›ãè¦ã ŸñÌã¥ããÀã ½ãÖ¦ÌããÞãã ½ãã¥ãîÔã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ¦ããñ ØããÌãã¦ããèÊã ƒ¦ãÀ ¹ããÞã Ìã¾ããñÌãð® ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌããè ̾ã‡ã‹¦ããèÞ¾ãã Ôãʾãã¶ãñ ¶¾ãã¾ã ãä¶ãÌãã¡ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ããñ. ÊãÖã¶ã-½ããñŸñ ¢ãØã¡ñ ãä½ã›ãäÌã¥ãñ, ‚ããÌã;ã‡ãŠ ¦¾ããÊãã ¦ãããä‡ãŠª ªñ¥ãñ Ì㠪⡠‚ãã‡ãŠãÀ¥ãñ Öãè ‡ãŠã½ãñ •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ. •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè¶ãñ ãäªÊãñÊãã ãä¶ã¥ãþã Öã ºãâ£ã¶ã‡ãŠãÀ‡ãŠ ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. Ûãã •ã½ãã¦ããèÞ¾ãã Ôã¼ãñÞãã ÞãÖã¹ã㥾ããÞãã ŒãÞãà ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ºããñÊããÌã¥ããžã㠇㊡ñ ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ÊãÖã¶ã½ããñŸã ¢ãØã¡ã, ãäÌãÌããÖÔãâºãâ£ãã¦ã ‚ããÊãñÊããè ‚ã¡Þã¥ã, ½ããÊã½ã¦¦ãñºããºã¦ãÞãã ¢ãØã¡ã ¾ãã ºããºã¦ããè¦ã ¶¾ãã¾ã ÖÌãã ‚ãÔã¥ããÀã ØããÌã¼ãÀ ãä¹ãŠÁ¶ã ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ºããñÊãÌ㥾ããÔ¦ãÌã Ìã¾ããñÌãð®, ‚ã¶ãì¼ãÌããè Êããñ‡ãŠ •ã½ãã ‡ãŠÀ¦ããñ Ìã ‚ãã¹ãÊãñ ØããÅÖã¥ãñ ½ãã⡦ããñ. „¼ã¾ã¹ãàããâÞãñ ½Ö¥ã¶ãñ †ñ‡ãã ÜãñÌãî¶ã Öãè •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ¶¾ãã¾ããä¶ãÌãã¡ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ. ¾ãã ØããÌã •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞãã ãä¶ã¥ãþ㠽ã㶾㠶ãÔãʾããÔã Ÿã‡ãŠÀãâÞ¾ãã ƒ¦ãÀ Ìãã¡¿ããâÌãÀãèÊã Êããñ‡ãŠ ºããñÊããÌãî¶ã ½ããñŸãè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ¼ãÀãäÌãÊããè •ãã¦ãñ. Öãè ½ããñŸãè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ÞããõªãØããÌããâÞããè ãä‡ãâŠÌãã †‡ãŠÌããèÔã ØããÌããâÞããè ‚ãÔã¦ãñ. ¾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¥ããžãã ÔãÌããÄÞãã •ãñÌã¥ããÞãã Ìã ªãÁÞãã ŒãÞãà ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ºããñÊããÌã¥ããÀã ‡ãŠÀãè¦ã ‚ãÔã¦ããñ. ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ºããñÊããäÌã¥ããÀã¶ãñ ‚ãã¹ãÊãã ½ãã¥ãîÔã ØããÌããñØããâÌã ¹ããŸÌãî¶ã Ôã½ã•ããÞããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ãã ØããÌããè ‚ãããä¥ã ‡ãŠãñ¥ã¦¾ãã ‡ãŠãÀ¥ããÔããŸãè ¼ãÀãäÌãÊããè •ãã¦ãñ ‚ããÖñ Öñ ‡ãŠãÖãè ãäªÌãÔã ‚ãØããñªÀ ‡ãŠßÌããÌã¾ããÞãñ ‚ãÔã¦ãñ. ¦¾ãã ÔãîÞã¶ãñ¶ãìÔããÀ ¾ãã ½ããñŸ¿ãã •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÊãã Êããñ‡ãŠ Ö•ãÀ ÀãÖ¦ãã¦ã.


•ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããèÞãñ ‡ãŠã¾ãÃàãñ¨ã :

¾ãã •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ããè¦ã ÊãÖã¶ã ½ããñŸñ ¢ãØã¡ñ Ôããñ¡Ìãî¶ã Þãî‡ãŠ ‚ãÔã¥ããÀãÔ㠪⡠ŸãñŸãÌãÊãã •ãã¦ããñ. ¦ããñ ªâ¡ Þãì‡ãŠãèÞãã Ìã ¶ãì‡ãŠÔãã¶ããèÞãã ãäÌãÞããÀ ‡ãŠÁ¶ã ŸãñŸãÌ㥾ãã¦ã ¾ãñ¦ããñ. ãäÌãÌããÖãäÌãÞœñª ãä‡ãâŠÌãã ‡ãŠã¡ãè½ããñ¡ ªñ¥¾ããÞãñ ‡ãŠã½ã Ôãì®ã •ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ. ½ãìÊãØããè ¶ãã⪦㠶ãÔãʾããÔã ãä‡ãâŠÌãã ½ãìÊãã‡ãŠ¡ñ ªãñÓã ‚ãÔãʾããÔã ¦¾ããÞããè ÍãÖããä¶ãÍãã ‡ãŠÁ¶ã Üã›Ô¹ãŠãñ› ãäªÊãã •ãã¦ããñ. ãäÌãÌããÖ, ¹ãì¶ããäÌãÃÌããÖ, Üã›Ô¹ãŠãñ› ƒ. ºããºã¦ã ãä¶ã¥ãþ㠕ãã¦ããè¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã Üãñ¦ãñ. Ôã½ãã•ããÞ¾ãã Á¤ãè- ¹ãÀâ¹ãÀã ãäÌãÀãñ£ãã¦ã Ìã¦ãö㠇ãŠÀ¥ããÀãÔ㠪⡠‡ãŠÀ¥ãñ, Ôã½ãã•ããºããÖñÀ Ìããßãè¦ã ›ã‡ãŠ¥ãñ, ‚ãÍãã ãäÍãàãã •ãã¦ããè ¹ãâÞãã¾ã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ.